Biodiversity & Conservation

Serpula vermicularis reefs on very sheltered circalittoral muddy sand

SS.SBR.PoR.Ser


CMS.Ser

Image David Connor - A colony of tube worms forming a small reef, Loch Creran. Image width ca 40 cm.
Image copyright information

Distribution map

SS.SBR.PoR.Ser recorded (dark blue bullet) and expected (light blue bullet) distribution in Britain and Ireland (see below)


  • EC_Habitats
  • UK_BAP

Habitat sensitivity

Physical Factors

Click factor name to view rationale Intolerance Recoverability Sensitivity Species Richness Evidence / Confidence
Substratum Loss High Very low / none Very High Major decline Moderate
Smothering Intermediate High Low Decline Moderate
Increase in suspended sediment Low Immediate Not sensitive No change Low
Decrease in suspended sediment Low Immediate Not sensitive No change Moderate
Desiccation Not relevant Not relevant Not relevant Not relevant Not relevant
Increase in emergence regime Not relevant Not relevant Not relevant Not relevant Not relevant
Decrease in emergence regime Not relevant Not relevant Not relevant Not relevant Not relevant
Increase in water flow rate High Very low / none Very High Major decline High
Decrease in water flow rate Low Very high Very low No change High
Increase in temperature Low High Low No change Low
Decrease in temperature Low High Low No change Low
Increase in turbidity Low Very high Very low No change Moderate
Decrease in turbidity Low Very high Very low No change Moderate
Increase in wave exposure Not relevant Not relevant Not relevant Major decline High
Decrease in wave exposure Not relevant Not relevant Not relevant Not relevant High
Noise Tolerant Not relevant Not sensitive Not relevant High
Visual Presence Tolerant Not relevant Not sensitive Not relevant High
Abrasion & physical disturbance High High Moderate Major decline High
Displacement High Very low / none Very High Major decline High

Chemical Factors

Click factor name to view rationale Intolerance Recoverability Sensitivity Species Richness Evidence / Confidence
Synthetic compound contamination Insufficient information Insufficient information Insufficient information Insufficient Information Not relevant
Heavy metal contamination Low Insufficient information Moderate Insufficient Information Not relevant
Hydrocarbon contamination Insufficient information Insufficient information Insufficient information Insufficient Information Not relevant
Radionuclide contamination Insufficient information Insufficient information Insufficient information Insufficient Information Not relevant
Changes in nutrient levels Insufficient information Insufficient information Insufficient information Minor decline Very low
Increase in salinity High Very low / none Very High Major decline Very low
Decrease in salinity Intermediate High Low Minor decline Moderate
Changes in oxygenation Intermediate High Low Minor decline Moderate

Biological Factors

Click factor name to view rationale Intolerance Recoverability Sensitivity Species Richness Evidence / Confidence
Introduction of microbial pathogens/parasites Low High Low Low
Introduction of non-native species Insufficient information Insufficient information Insufficient information No change Insufficient information
Extraction of this species High High Moderate No change Moderate
Extraction of other species Low High Low No change Moderate

Species used to indicate biotope intolerance

Physical factors

Serpula vermicularis
Key structural
Substratum LossHigh
SmotheringHigh
Increase in suspended sedimentLow
Decrease in suspended sedimentLow
DesiccationIntermediate
Increase in emergence regimeIntermediate
Decrease in emergence regimeTolerant*
Increase in water flow rateHigh
Decrease in water flow rateLow
Increase in temperatureLow
Decrease in temperatureLow
Increase in turbidityLow
Decrease in turbidityLow
Increase in wave exposureIntermediate
Decrease in wave exposureTolerant
NoiseTolerant
Visual PresenceTolerant
Abrasion & physical disturbanceHigh
DisplacementHigh

Chemical factors

Serpula vermicularis
Key structural
Synthetic compound contaminationInsufficient information
Heavy metal contaminationLow
Hydrocarbon contaminationInsufficient information
Radionuclide contaminationInsufficient information
Changes in nutrient levelsIntermediate
Increase in salinityIntermediate
Decrease in salinityIntermediate
Changes in oxygenationIntermediate

Biological factors

Serpula vermicularis
Key structural
Introduction of microbial pathogens/parasitesInsufficient information
Introduction of non-native speciesTolerant
Extraction of this speciesIntermediate
Extraction of other speciesTolerant

Species used to indicate biotope recoverability

Physical factors

Serpula vermicularis
Key structural
Substratum LossHigh
SmotheringHigh
Increase in suspended sedimentHigh
Decrease in suspended sedimentHigh
DesiccationHigh
Increase in emergence regimeHigh
Decrease in emergence regimeNot relevant
Increase in water flow rateHigh
Decrease in water flow rateVery high
Increase in temperatureHigh
Decrease in temperatureHigh
Increase in turbidityVery high
Decrease in turbidityVery high
Increase in wave exposureHigh
Decrease in wave exposureNot relevant
NoiseNot relevant
Visual PresenceNot relevant
Abrasion & physical disturbanceHigh
DisplacementHigh

Chemical factors

Serpula vermicularis
Key structural
Synthetic compound contaminationInsufficient information
Heavy metal contaminationVery high
Hydrocarbon contaminationInsufficient information
Radionuclide contaminationInsufficient information
Changes in nutrient levelsHigh
Increase in salinityHigh
Decrease in salinityHigh
Changes in oxygenationHigh

Biological factors

Serpula vermicularis
Key structural
Introduction of microbial pathogens/parasitesInsufficient information
Introduction of non-native speciesNot relevant
Extraction of this speciesHigh
Extraction of other speciesNot relevant

This review can be cited as follows:

Hill, J.M. & Wilding C.M. 2008. Serpula vermicularis reefs on very sheltered circalittoral muddy sand. Marine Life Information Network: Biology and Sensitivity Key Information Sub-programme [on-line]. Plymouth: Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom. [cited 31/07/2014]. Available from: <http://www.marlin.ac.uk/habitatsensitivity.php?habitatid=41&code=2004>