MarLIN

information on the biology of species and the ecology of habitats found around the coasts and seas of the British Isles

White cluster anemone (Parazoanthus anguicomus)

Distribution data supplied by the Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS). To interrogate UK data visit the NBN Atlas.

Summary

Description

A colonial anemone similar to Parazoanthus axinellae but polyps are generally larger, up to 25 mm tall and 8 mm diameter, with 34 -44 tentacles. The colouration of the whole colony is whitish, sometimes tinted with buff or pink.

Recorded distribution in Britain and Ireland

Western Ireland, western and northern Scotland.

Global distribution

-

Habitat

Found encrusting sponges, worm tubes, corals and stones. Generally occurs in deep water down to at least 400 m but also found in shallow coastal waters.

Depth range

-

Identifying features

  • Colonies encrusting, growth form varying considerably according to the substratum.
  • Basal coenenchyme may form broad, irregular expansions or narrow stolons which branch and anastomose.
  • Polyps usually set close together, up to 25mm tall and 8mm diameter.
  • Tentacles 34-44, typically 40-42.

Additional information

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Bibliography

  1. Howson, C.M. & Picton, B.E., 1997. The species directory of the marine fauna and flora of the British Isles and surrounding seas. Belfast: Ulster Museum. [Ulster Museum publication, no. 276.]

  2. Manuel, R.L., 1988. British Anthozoa. London: Academic Press.[Synopses of the British Fauna, no. 18.]

Citation

This review can be cited as:

Wilson, E. 2008. Parazoanthus anguicomus White cluster anemone. In Tyler-Walters H. and Hiscock K. (eds) Marine Life Information Network: Biology and Sensitivity Key Information Reviews, [on-line]. Plymouth: Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom. Available from: http://www.marlin.ac.uk/species/detail/1212

Last Updated: 17/04/2008