MarLIN

information on the biology of species and the ecology of habitats found around the coasts and seas of the British Isles

Olive green wart anemone (Phellia gausapata)

Distribution data supplied by the Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS). To interrogate UK data visit the NBN Atlas.

Summary

Description

An anemone, unlikely to be confused with other sagartiids, with a fairly tall column, up to about 6 cm, and tentacles of moderate length, usually irregularly arranged, and up to about 120. Algae or encrusting animals such as bryozoans or serpulid worms are often found growing on it. It is yellowish or olive green in colouration with dark brown warts and the tentacles are dusky grey, red, brown or yellowish, usually with two whitish bands.

Recorded distribution in Britain and Ireland

North-east Scotland and north-west Ireland.

Global distribution

-

Habitat

Occurs on rocky coasts to 15 m depth, usually where wave turbulence is strong. Attached to open rock faces or in pools and clefts.

Depth range

-

Identifying features

  • Base wider than column, firmly adherent.
  • Column tall, distinctly divided into scapus and scapulus, former with small conical or rounded tubercles and strongly adherent periderm.
  • Periderm thin but tough, horny in texture and usually deeply wrinkled.

Additional information

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Listed by

- none -

Further information sources

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Bibliography

  1. Howson, C.M. & Picton, B.E., 1997. The species directory of the marine fauna and flora of the British Isles and surrounding seas. Belfast: Ulster Museum. [Ulster Museum publication, no. 276.]

  2. Manuel, R.L., 1988. British Anthozoa. London: Academic Press.[Synopses of the British Fauna, no. 18.]

Citation

This review can be cited as:

Wilson, E. 1999. Phellia gausapata Olive green wart anemone. In Tyler-Walters H. and Hiscock K. (eds) Marine Life Information Network: Biology and Sensitivity Key Information Reviews, [on-line]. Plymouth: Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom. Available from: http://www.marlin.ac.uk/species/detail/1218

Last Updated: 07/09/1999