MarLIN

information on the biology of species and the ecology of habitats found around the coasts and seas of the British Isles

A nudibranch (Hancockia uncinata)

Distribution data supplied by the Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS). To interrogate UK data visit the NBN Atlas.

Summary

Description

Hancockia uncinata is a pale green or pink nudibranch with scattered white spots and up to 9 pairs of small, hand shaped cerata. Adults may reach lengths of up to 14 mm. The tips of the rhinophores are unusual in that they are swollen and have longitudinal lamellae. The oral vein extends into 2 lateral flaps, each with 3-4 finger like projections.

Recorded distribution in Britain and Ireland

A scarcely recorded species known to be present in Devon, Galway, Donegal and west Scotland.

Global distribution

Most records are from the Bay of Biscay, but also recorded from the Mediterranean Sea, France, Spain and Italy.

Habitat

Hancockia uncinata feeds on the tiny hydroid Clytia hemisphaerica (= Clytia johnstoni) which grows over other hydroids or on algae.

Depth range

-

Identifying features

  • Small, hand like cereta
  • Swollen tipped rhinophores with sheaths and longitudinal lamellae

Additional information

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Bibliography

  1. Howson, C.M. & Picton, B.E., 1997. The species directory of the marine fauna and flora of the British Isles and surrounding seas. Belfast: Ulster Museum. [Ulster Museum publication, no. 276.]

  2. National Biodiversity Network (NBN) Atlas website. Available from: http://www.nbnatlas.org.  Accessed 01 April 2017

  3. OBIS,  2017. Global map of species distribution using gridded data. Available from: Ocean Biogeographic Information System. www.iobis.org. Accessed: 2017-11-18

  4. Picton, B. E. & Morrow, C.C., 1994. A Field Guide to the Nudibranchs of the British Isles. London: Immel Publishing Ltd.

  5. Thompson, T. E. & Brown, G. H., 1976. British Opisthobranch Molluscs. London: Academic Press. [Synopses of the British Fauna, no. 8.]

  6. Thompson, T.E., 1972. Eastern Australian Dendronotoidea (Gastropoda: Opisthobranchia). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 51(1), 63-77

  7. WoRMS 2007. The World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS). http://www.marinespecies.org, 2008-10-31

Citation

This review can be cited as:

Sweet, N. A. 2008. Hancockia uncinata A nudibranch. In Tyler-Walters H. and Hiscock K. (eds) Marine Life Information Network: Biology and Sensitivity Key Information Reviews, [on-line]. Plymouth: Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom. Available from: http://www.marlin.ac.uk/species/detail/174

Last Updated: 24/07/2008