MarLIN

information on the biology of species and the ecology of habitats found around the coasts and seas of the British Isles

A bristleworm (Notomastus latericeus)

Distribution data supplied by the Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS). To interrogate UK data visit the NBN Atlas.

Summary

Description

The body of Notomastus latericeus is between 15 to 30 cm long, and is divided into between 100 and 150 segments. The anterior region of the worm is purple or dark red, becoming brighter or yellowish posteriorly. In general, the posterior region of the animal is colourless or transparent.

Recorded distribution in Britain and Ireland

Recorded from the various locations around the British Isles.

Global distribution

Found on European coasts from the Arctic to the Mediterranean.

Habitat

Notomastus latericeus is found from the lower shore to deep sublittoral habitats, in clean or muddy sand. It is also often found amongst seagrasses.

Depth range

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Identifying features

  • Between 100 to 150 segments, and between 15 and 30 cm long.
  • Anterior region of 12 chaetigers with reticulated appearance, all of which have chitinous bristles (capillary chaetae) projecting from the parapodium.
  • Paired genital pores on the dorsal surfaces of many anterior segments of posterior region.
  • The posterior most division of the three divisions of the body (pygidium) terminates in a membranous flap.
  • Simple gills, formed by extensions of the rami along most of the posterior region.
  • Branchaie may be present.

Additional information

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Listed by

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Further information sources

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Bibliography

  1. Fauchald, K., 1977. The polychaete worms. Definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. USA: Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County.

  2. Hayward, P.J. & Ryland, J.S. (ed.) 1995b. Handbook of the marine fauna of North-West Europe. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

  3. Howson, C.M. & Picton, B.E., 1997. The species directory of the marine fauna and flora of the British Isles and surrounding seas. Belfast: Ulster Museum. [Ulster Museum publication, no. 276.]

  4. JNCC (Joint Nature Conservation Committee), 1999. Marine Environment Resource Mapping And Information Database (MERMAID): Marine Nature Conservation Review Survey Database. [on-line] http://www.jncc.gov.uk/mermaid

  5. National Biodiversity Network (NBN) Atlas website. Available from: http://www.nbnatlas.org.  Accessed 01 April 2017

  6. Stachowitsch, M., 1984. Mass mortality in the Gulf of Trieste: the course of community destruction. Marine Ecology, Pubblicazione della Statione Zoologica di Napoli, 5, 243-264.

Citation

This review can be cited as:

Mayhew, E.M. 2005. Notomastus latericeus A bristleworm. In Tyler-Walters H. and Hiscock K. (eds) Marine Life Information Network: Biology and Sensitivity Key Information Reviews, [on-line]. Plymouth: Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom. Available from: http://www.marlin.ac.uk/species/detail/1832

Last Updated: 26/10/2005