MarLIN

information on the biology of species and the ecology of habitats found around the coasts and seas of the British Isles

A bristleworm (Lagis koreni)

Distribution data supplied by the Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS). To interrogate UK data visit the NBN Atlas.

Summary

Description

Lagis koreni is an infaunal segmented worm growing up to 5 cm in length. It is white in colour with pink iridescence, red gills, and a red ventral vessel which is visible owing to its overall transparency. The tube is slightly curved and always has a mucous extension.

Recorded distribution in Britain and Ireland

Recorded in Shetland, Orkney, the east coast from St. Andrews Bay south to Bridlington, the Wash, south east, south and south west coasts of England, the Scilly Isles, Wales, east, south and north west Ireland, and the west coast of Scotland.

Global distribution

Recorded from the Arctic, Adriatic and north east Europe.

Habitat

Typically found in muddy sands or sandy muds, reaching highest densities in shallow inshore regions. Also widely distributed in the North Sea and English Channel.

Depth range

-

Identifying features

  • Body up to 5 cm long.
  • 15 of it's segments bear hair-like chaetae, while the 2 segments anterior to the caudal region are without chaetae.
  • Chaetae with modified hooks and dentate tips (uncini) with a massive base and between 6 and 8 rows of thick hooks above 4 rows of little, indistinct teeth.
  • Has a curved membrane between anterior chaetae and buccal tentacles (cephalic veil) which is at least partly fused to the operculum, the structure at the anterior end of the body that serves to 'plug the body tube'.

Additional information

Adult densities may exceed 1000m², e.g. Eagle (1975), but numbers characteristically fluctuate widely from year to year, owing to variations in recruitment success and mortality. Lagis koreni often co-occurs with high densities of Abra alba (e.g. Eagle 1975). Lagis koreni is a significant food-source for commercially important demersal fish, especially dab and plaice, e.g. Macer (1967), Lockwood (1980) and Basimi & Grove (1985).

Listed by

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Further information sources

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Bibliography

  1. Basimi, R.A. & Grove, D.J., 1985. Estimates of daily food intake by an inshore population of Pleuronectes platessa L. off eastern Anglesey, north Wales. Journal of Fish Biology, 27, 505-520.

  2. Day, J.H., 1967. A monograph on the Polychaeta of Southern Africa. Vol.1 - Errantia; Vol.2 - Sedentaria. London: British Museum (Natural History).

  3. Degraer, S., Wittoeck, J., Appeltans, W., Cooreman, K., Deprez, T., Hillewaert, H., Hostens, K., Mees, J., Berge, V. & Vincx, M., 2006. The macrobenthos atlas of the Belgian part of the North Sea. Belgian Science Policy.

  4. Eagle, R.A., 1975. Natural fluctuations in a soft bottom benthic community. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 55, 865-878.

  5. Fauchald, K., 1977. The polychaete worms. Definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. USA: Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County.

  6. Hayward, P.J. & Ryland, J.S. (ed.) 1995b. Handbook of the marine fauna of North-West Europe. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

  7. Holtmann, S.E., Groenewold, A., Schrader, K.H.M., Asjes, J., Craeymeersch, J.A., Duineveld, G.C.A., van Bostelen, A.J. & van der Meer, J., 1996. Atlas of the zoobenthos of the Dutch continental shelf. Rijswijk: Ministry of Transport, Public Works and Water Management.

  8. Howson, C.M. & Picton, B.E., 1997. The species directory of the marine fauna and flora of the British Isles and surrounding seas. Belfast: Ulster Museum. [Ulster Museum publication, no. 276.]

  9. Lockwood, S.J., 1980. The daily food intake of O-group plaice (Pleuronectes platessa L.) under natural conditions. Journal du Conseil Permanent International pour l'Exploration de la Mer, 39, 154-159.

  10. Macer, C.T., 1967. The food web in Red Wharf Bay (North Wales) with particular reference to young plaice (Pleuronectes platessa). Helgolander Wissenschaftliche Meeresuntersuchungen, 15, 560-573.

  11. National Biodiversity Network (NBN) Atlas website. Available from: http://www.nbnatlas.org.  Accessed 01 April 2017

  12. Rees, H.L. & Dare, P.J., 1993. Sources of mortality and associated life-cycle traits of selected benthic species: a review. MAFF Fisheries Research Data Report, no. 33., Lowestoft: MAFF Directorate of Fisheries Research.

Citation

This review can be cited as:

Mayhew, E.M. 2007. Lagis koreni A bristleworm. In Tyler-Walters H. and Hiscock K. (eds) Marine Life Information Network: Biology and Sensitivity Key Information Reviews, [on-line]. Plymouth: Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom. Available from: http://www.marlin.ac.uk/species/detail/1834

Last Updated: 03/07/2007