|Researched by||Anna Neish||Refereed by||Admin|
|Other common names||-||Synonyms||Styela mammiculata Herdman, 1881|
Styela clava is distributed on the south and west coasts of England as far north as Cumbria. It has also been found in Loch Ryan and Androssan marina, Scotland, in Cork and Fenit Harbours, Ireland, and the Channel Isles.
It is a native of the north western Pacific and found in Japan, Korea and Siberia. It is also now found in France, The Netherlands, Denmark and Ireland.
Styela clava is found in shallow water on hard surfaces and occurs abundantly in sheltered warm water docks and harbour installations.
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Carlisle, D.B., 1954. Styela mammiculata, a new species of ascidian from the Plymouth area. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 33, 329-334.
Davis, M.H. & Davis, M.E., 2004. New records of Styela clava Herdman, 1882 (Tunicata, Ascidiacea) in Europe. Porcupine Marine Natural History Society Newsletter, 14, 24-27.
Eno, N.C., Clark, R.A. & Sanderson, W.G. (ed.) 1997. Non-native marine species in British waters: a review and directory. Peterborough: Joint Nature Conservation Committee.
Hayward, P., Nelson-Smith, T. & Shields, C. 1996. Collins pocket guide. Sea shore of Britain and northern Europe. London: HarperCollins.
Hayward, P.J. & Ryland, J.S. (ed.) 1995b. Handbook of the marine fauna of North-West Europe. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Millar, R.H., 1970. British Ascidians London: Academic Press.[Synopses of the British Fauna, no. 1.]
Minchin, D., & Duggan, C.B. 1988. The distribution of the exotic ascidian, Styela clava Herdman, in Cork Harbour. Irish Naturalists' Journal, 22,388-393.
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Last Updated: 23/08/2007