MarLIN

information on the biology of species and the ecology of habitats found around the coasts and seas of the British Isles

A green seaweed (Urospora wormskioldii)

Distribution data supplied by the Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS). To interrogate UK data visit the NBN Atlas.

Summary

Description

Filaments are simple, tapering towards the base and up to 10 cm long. It forms a very fine felt-like covering that varies in colour from dark green to purple and adheres closely to damp, shady surfaces. In good years this 'felt' is dark and conspicuous but in others barely detectable. Growth varies seasonally and is maximum in the early months of the year.

Recorded distribution in Britain and Ireland

Isolated records from the Shetland Islands, east and south coasts of England, Northern Ireland, the Firth of Clyde and the outer Hebrides.

Global distribution

Uncommon around the British Isles. Distributed around Europe and also the Pacific Coast of North America and the Canadian Arctic South.

Habitat

The filamentous phase occurs on rocks in the intertidal and on submerged rocks and wood surfaces. The Codiolum-like phase, forms, soft dark green turfs over large areas on the upper shore where it may be wetted at every tide or left exposed for several days at a time.

Depth range

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Identifying features

  • This species exhibits three different types of thallus depending on environmental conditions.
  • Varies from green to purple in colour.
  • Large cell size (0.1-0.5 mm).

Additional information

The large cell size of this species distinguishes it from other Ulothrix and Urospora species. The three varieties of thallus include, filamentous; dwarf filamentous and unicellular Codiolum-like.

Listed by

- none -

Further information sources

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Bibliography

  1. Burrows, E.M., 1991. Seaweeds of the British Isles. Volume 2. Chlorophyta. London: British Museum (Natural History).

  2. Hardy, F.G. & Guiry, M.D., 2003. A check-list and atlas of the seaweeds of Britain and Ireland. London: British Phycological Society

  3. Howson, C.M. & Picton, B.E., 1997. The species directory of the marine fauna and flora of the British Isles and surrounding seas. Belfast: Ulster Museum. [Ulster Museum publication, no. 276.]

  4. Lewis, J.R., 1964. The Ecology of Rocky Shores. London: English Universities Press.

  5. Morton, O., 1994. Marine Algae of Northern Ireland Belfast: Ulster Museum [Ulster Museum Publication, no. 271]

Citation

This review can be cited as:

Carter, M.C. 2003. Urospora wormskioldii A green seaweed. In Tyler-Walters H. and Hiscock K. (eds) Marine Life Information Network: Biology and Sensitivity Key Information Reviews, [on-line]. Plymouth: Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom. Available from: http://www.marlin.ac.uk/species/detail/1931

Last Updated: 17/07/2003