MarLIN

information on the biology of species and the ecology of habitats found around the coasts and seas of the British Isles

A sea slug (Flabellina gracilis)

Distribution data supplied by the Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS). To interrogate UK data visit the NBN Atlas.

Summary

Description

Coryphella gracilis has a translucent white body with tentacles (cerata) filled with red-coloured digestive gland. There are up to six clusters of cerata that all have thin rings of white pigments at the tips. This small species can grow up to 1.5 cm in length, and can be easily confused with juveniles of other Coryphella species. However, mature individuals, of 1-1.2 cm long, have opaque white globules (ovotestis) present internally, which can be seen through their translucent bodies. These globules are absent from juveniles. Feeds on hydroids especially Eudendrium spp. The eggs are spawned in the form of a white string wound amongst the food and when laid flat forms a squared-spiral shape.

Recorded distribution in Britain and Ireland

This species has been recorded on all British coasts.

Global distribution

Recorded from the British Isles, Iceland and the Atlantic coast of America.

Habitat

Coryphella gracilis prefers localities where there is water movement from tidal streams in semi-sheltered conditions.

Depth range

-

Identifying features

  • Translucent white body, red-coloured cerata with white tips.
  • Up to six clusters of cerata.
  • The anus is situated between the second and third set of cerata clusters.
  • Small species, grows up to 1.
  • 5 cm in length.

Additional information

Individuals with green coloured cerata occur occasionally and have been recorded as the variety Coryphella gracilis smaragdina. Coryphella in Latin means 'little-headed'. Feeds on hydroids, especially Eudendrium arbusculum and is usually found in large numbers (Picton & Morrow, 1994).

Listed by

- none -

Further information sources

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Bibliography

  1. Hayward, P.J. & Ryland, J.S. (ed.) 1995a. The marine fauna of the British Isles and north-west Europe. Volume 2. Molluscs to Chordates. Oxford Science Publications. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

  2. Howson, C.M. & Picton, B.E., 1997. The species directory of the marine fauna and flora of the British Isles and surrounding seas. Belfast: Ulster Museum. [Ulster Museum publication, no. 276.]

  3. JNCC (Joint Nature Conservation Committee), 1999. Marine Environment Resource Mapping And Information Database (MERMAID): Marine Nature Conservation Review Survey Database. [on-line] http://www.jncc.gov.uk/mermaid

  4. National Biodiversity Network (NBN) Atlas website. Available from: http://www.nbnatlas.org.  Accessed 01 April 2017

  5. Picton, B. E. & Morrow, C.C., 1994. A Field Guide to the Nudibranchs of the British Isles. London: Immel Publishing Ltd.

  6. Picton, B.E., 2000. Nudibranchs of the British Isles. http://www.pictonb.freeserve.co.uk/nudibranchs/index.html, 2003-09-11

  7. Thompson, T. E. & Brown, G. H., 1976. British Opisthobranch Molluscs. London: Academic Press. [Synopses of the British Fauna, no. 8.]

Citation

This review can be cited as:

Edwards, R.V. 2007. Flabellina gracilis A sea slug. In Tyler-Walters H. and Hiscock K. (eds) Marine Life Information Network: Biology and Sensitivity Key Information Reviews, [on-line]. Plymouth: Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom. Available from: http://www.marlin.ac.uk/species/detail/1990

Last Updated: 08/06/2007