A sea slug (Facelina auriculata)

NBN Interactive23-08-2007

Map accurate at time of writing. Visit NBN or OBIS to view current distribution

Researched byKen Neal Refereed byAdmin
Authority(Müller, 1776)
Other common names- SynonymsFacelina auriculata (Müller, 1776)

Summary

Description

Facelina auriculata is a slender sea slug up to 38 mm in length. It has a white body and numerous small purple cerata. The oesophagus is also visible just behind the rhinophores through the slightly translucent body. There are three pairs of processes at the front end of animal. Closest to the substratum are the short propodial tentacles, which are part of the foot, and are at 90° to the body in a relaxed animal. The much longer oral tentacles project from either side of the mouth and appear forward of the propodial tentacles in an extended animal. Behind the oral tentacles on the top of the animal are the rhinophores, which have a ribbed appearance.

Recorded distribution in Britain and Ireland

Recorded from all round Britain and Ireland except east and southeast England.

Global distribution

-

Habitat

Found under boulders in the intertidal and sublittoral on its prey species of hydroids, which include Tubularia sp., Obelia geniculata and Clava sp.

Depth range

-

Identifying features

  • White body up to 38 mm in length.
  • Back covered with numerous short cerata, which have a blue/purple hue and are streaked with white.
  • Propodial tentacles, long oral tentacles and annulate rhinophores present, all streaked with white.
  • Red oesophagus is visible through the body.

Additional information

Facelina auriculata occurs in two varieties: var. coronata is long and slender with the body extending rearward of the last cluster of cerata, while var. curta is shorter and broader that var. coronata and the body ends very near to the rearmost cluster of cerata (Thompson & Brown, 1976).

Listed by

- none -

Further information sources

Search on:

NBN WoRMS

Bibliography

  1. Bruce, J.R., Colman, J.S. & Jones, N.S., 1963. Marine fauna of the Isle of Man. Liverpool: Liverpool University Press.
  2. Crothers, J.H. (ed.), 1966. Dale Fort Marine Fauna. London: Field Studies Council.
  3. Howson, C.M. & Picton, B.E. (ed.), 1997. The species directory of the marine fauna and flora of the British Isles and surrounding seas. Belfast: Ulster Museum. [Ulster Museum publication, no. 276.]
  4. NBN (National Biodiversity Network), 2002. National Biodiversity Network gateway. http://www.searchnbn.net, 2008-10-31
  5. Picton, B. E. & Morrow, C.C., 1994. A Field Guide to the Nudibranchs of the British Isles. London: Immel Publishing Ltd.
  6. Picton, B.E. & Costello, M.J., 1998. BioMar biotope viewer: a guide to marine habitats, fauna and flora of Britain and Ireland. [CD-ROM] Environmental Sciences Unit, Trinity College, Dublin., http://www.itsligo.ie/biomar/
  7. Thompson, T. E. & Brown, G. H., 1976. British Opisthobranch Molluscs. London: Academic Press. [Synopses of the British Fauna, no. 8.]

Citation

This review can be cited as:

Neal, K.J. 2007. Facelina auriculata A sea slug. In Tyler-Walters H. and Hiscock K. (eds) Marine Life Information Network: Biology and Sensitivity Key Information Reviews, [on-line]. Plymouth: Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom. Available from: http://www.marlin.ac.uk/species/detail/2047

Last Updated: 23/08/2007