MarLIN

information on the biology of species and the ecology of habitats found around the coasts and seas of the British Isles

Smooth venus (Callista chione)

Distribution data supplied by the Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS). To interrogate UK data visit the NBN Atlas.

Summary

Description

Callista chione has a large, oval shell up to 9 cm long. The umbones are prominent and offset towards the anterior of the shell. In life the shells are smooth and glossy with numerous, fine concentric lines and distinct growth bands. The outer surface of the shell is a light reddish-brown to chestnut colour, often with darker streaks radiating from the umbones. The inner surface is of the shell is dull-white.

Recorded distribution in Britain and Ireland

Recorded from Poole Bay in Dorset, St Mawes, Gerrans Bay, Helford River and Portholland East in Cornwall, St Martin's Flats on the Isles of Scilly and Barmouth Bay in north west Wales.

Global distribution

-

Habitat

Found in sand, offshore to at least 100 m.

Depth range

-

Identifying features

  • Umbones are prominent and offset towards the anterior of the shell.
  • Shell surface is a polished golden or reddish-brown with rays of deeper colour and of varying width radiating from the umbones.
  • The shell has numerous fine, concentric lines and clear growth stages.
  • Lunule is clearly defined, elongate heart shaped, slightly raised in the centre and red-brown or white.
  • Three cardinal teeth are present in each valve, with a large anterior lateral tooth in the left valve fitting into a deep pit on the right valve.
  • Inside of shell is white, with the adductor muscle scars and area outside the pallial line highly polished and the remainder being dull-white.
  • Pallial sinus broad, with concave borders.

Additional information

Callista chione is also known as the Brown venus. Young specimens may have rows of vividly coloured spots, or three broad white bands, instead of dark streaks radiating from the umbones. Smaller specimens of Callista chione may resemble Chamelea gallina but the shell of Chamelea gallina is triangular and the lunule is deeply depressed and heart-shaped.

Listed by

- none -

Further information sources

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Bibliography

  1. Gibson, R., Hextall, B. & Rogers, A., 2001. Photographic guide to the sea and seashore life of Britain and north-west Europe. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

  2. Hayward, P., Nelson-Smith, T. & Shields, C. 1996. Collins pocket guide. Sea shore of Britain and northern Europe. London: HarperCollins.

  3. Hayward, P.J. & Ryland, J.S. (ed.) 1995b. Handbook of the marine fauna of North-West Europe. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

  4. Howson, C.M. & Picton, B.E., 1997. The species directory of the marine fauna and flora of the British Isles and surrounding seas. Belfast: Ulster Museum. [Ulster Museum publication, no. 276.]

  5. JNCC (Joint Nature Conservation Committee), 1999. Marine Environment Resource Mapping And Information Database (MERMAID): Marine Nature Conservation Review Survey Database. [on-line] http://www.jncc.gov.uk/mermaid

  6. National Biodiversity Network (NBN) Atlas website. Available from: http://www.nbnatlas.org.  Accessed 01 April 2017

  7. Sanderson, W.G., 1996. Rare benthic marine flora and fauna in Great Britain: the development of criteria for assessment. Joint Nature Conservation Committee, Peterborough. JNCC Report, no. 240.

  8. Tebble, N., 1976. British Bivalve Seashells. A Handbook for Identification, 2nd ed. Edinburgh: British Museum (Natural History), Her Majesty's Stationary Office.

Citation

This review can be cited as:

Farrell, C. 2007. Callista chione Smooth venus. In Tyler-Walters H. and Hiscock K. (eds) Marine Life Information Network: Biology and Sensitivity Key Information Reviews, [on-line]. Plymouth: Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom. Available from: http://www.marlin.ac.uk/species/detail/2157

Last Updated: 07/06/2007