MarLIN

information on the biology of species and the ecology of habitats found around the coasts and seas of the British Isles

A bivalve mollusc (Lucinella divaricata)

Distribution data supplied by the Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS). To interrogate UK data visit the NBN Atlas.

Summary

Description

Lucinella divaricata is a small bivalve, growing up to 1 cm in diameter. The shell often has oblique, wavy striations running across fine concentric grooves. The right valve has one cardinal tooth and single anterior and posterior lateral teeth. The left has two cardinals and two anterior and two posterior laterals. The outer surface of the shell is dirty-white to yellowish-white in colour.

Recorded distribution in Britain and Ireland

Recorded at Bembridge and St Helens on the Isle of Wight.

Global distribution

-

Habitat

Found in muddy sand and gravel on the lower shore and into the sublittoral.

Depth range

-

Identifying features

  • Oblique, wavy striations across fine concentric grooves.
  • Right valve with one cardinal tooth, and single anterior and posterior lateral teeth.
  • Left valve with two cardinal teeth, and two anterior and two posterior lateral teeth.

Additional information

Lucinella divaricata is easily confused with Lucinoma borealis but the cardinal teeth are divided into two by a cleft or notch (bifid) in Lucinoma borealis.

Listed by

- none -

Further information sources

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Bibliography

  1. Collins, K.J., Herbert, R.J.H. & Mallinson, J.J., 1990. Marine flora and fauna of Bembridge and St. Helen's Isle of Wight. Proceedings of the Isle of Wight Natural History and Archaeological Society, 9, 41-85.

  2. Gibson, R., Hextall, B. & Rogers, A., 2001. Photographic guide to the sea and seashore life of Britain and north-west Europe. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

  3. Hayward, P., Nelson-Smith, T. & Shields, C. 1996. Collins pocket guide. Sea shore of Britain and northern Europe. London: HarperCollins.

  4. Howson, C.M. & Picton, B.E., 1997. The species directory of the marine fauna and flora of the British Isles and surrounding seas. Belfast: Ulster Museum. [Ulster Museum publication, no. 276.]

  5. Sanderson, W.G., 1996. Rare benthic marine flora and fauna in Great Britain: the development of criteria for assessment. Joint Nature Conservation Committee, Peterborough. JNCC Report, no. 240.

Citation

This review can be cited as:

Farrell, C. 2006. Lucinella divaricata A bivalve mollusc. In Tyler-Walters H. and Hiscock K. (eds) Marine Life Information Network: Biology and Sensitivity Key Information Reviews, [on-line]. Plymouth: Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom. Available from: http://www.marlin.ac.uk/species/detail/2159

Last Updated: 02/11/2006