MarLIN

information on the biology of species and the ecology of habitats found around the coasts and seas of the British Isles

A comb jelly (Bolinopsis infundibulum)

Distribution data supplied by the Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS). To interrogate UK data visit the NBN Atlas.

Researched byMorvan Barnes Refereed byAdmin
Authority(O.F. Müller, 1776)
Other common names- Synonyms-

Summary

Description

Bolinopsis infundibulum is a medium-sized, oblong shaped comb jelly. It may reach up to 15 cm in length. It is completely transparent or, more rarely, a milkish white colour. It swims with eight longitudinal combs, four long rows and four short rows, that give the comb jellies (ctenophores) their characteristic shimmering appearance. These combs consist of plates of transverse rows of hairs that beat in waves downwards, which produces the shimmering effect. These plates are phosphorescent at night. Bolinopsis infundibulum only has two small tentacles with fringes along its sides.

Recorded distribution in Britain and Ireland

Found throughout British and Irish waters.

Global distribution

-

Habitat

Pelagic in coastal waters but may sometimes become trapped in intertidal pools.

Depth range

-

Identifying features

  • Transparent oblong body up to 15 cm in length.
  • Radially symmetrical with secondary bilateral symmetry.
  • Eight longitudinal rows of combs, four short and four long rows.
  • Two small tentacles.
  • The mouth is surrounded by two large flaps.
  • The opposite end of the body is forms an obtuse point.

Additional information

Bolinopsis infundibulum is carnivorous and feeds on copepods, euphausids and other zooplankton. Prey are funneled on to the mucous-covered loral flaps with the aid of ciliated structures known as auricles. Cilia transport the captured food to the mouth (Gamble, 1977).

Listed by

- none -

Further information sources

Search on:

NBN WoRMS

Bibliography

  1. Costello, J.H., 1998. Planktonic feeding and evolutionary significance of the lobate body plan within the ctenophora. Biological Bulletin, 195, 247-248.

  2. Gamble, J.C., 1977. Population structure, feeding behaviour and fecundity of the lobate ctenophore, Bolinopsis infundibulum. ICES Committee Meeting Papers and Reports, C.M.1977/L:16

  3. Greve, W., 1975. Ctenophora. ICES Plankton Identification Leaflets, 146.

  4. Howson, C.M. & Picton, B.E., 1997. The species directory of the marine fauna and flora of the British Isles and surrounding seas. Belfast: Ulster Museum. [Ulster Museum publication, no. 276.]

  5. National Biodiversity Network (NBN) Atlas website. Available from: http://www.nbnatlas.org.  Accessed 01 April 2017

  6. OBIS,  2017. Global map of species distribution using gridded data. Available from: Ocean Biogeographic Information System. www.iobis.org. Accessed: 2017-09-26

Citation

This review can be cited as:

Barnes, M.K.S. 2008. Bolinopsis infundibulum A comb jelly. In Tyler-Walters H. and Hiscock K. (eds) Marine Life Information Network: Biology and Sensitivity Key Information Reviews, [on-line]. Plymouth: Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom. Available from: http://www.marlin.ac.uk/species/detail/86

Last Updated: 17/04/2008