Biodiversity & Conservation

Species bibliography

You are viewing references for Chordata


Adey, W.H. & Adey, P.J., (1973). Studies on the biosystematics and ecology of the epilithic crustose corallinacea of the British Isles. British Phycological Journal, 8, 343-407.

Agnew, D.J., (1989). The distribution and biology of hake (Merluccius merluccius) subject to the Northern Ireland spring fishery. ICES Council Meeting Papers, C.M.1989/G:58

Alder, J. & Hancock, A., (1912). The British Tunicata, Vol. 3. London: Ray Society

Alekseeva, E.I. & Tormosova, I.D., (1979). Maturation, spawning and fecundity of the North Sea haddock, Melanogrammus aeglefinus. Journal of Ichthyology, 19, 56-64

Allen, J.A. (1953a). Observations on the epifauna of the deep-water muds of the Clyde Sea area, with special reference to Chlamys septemradiata (Müller). Journal of Animal Ecology, 22, 240-260.

Ankley, G.T., Erickson, R.J., Sheedy, B.R., Kosian, P.A., Mattson, V.R. & Cox, J.S., (1997). Evaluation of models for predicting the phototoxic potency of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. Aquatic Toxicology, 37, 37-50.

Anonymous, (1999). Toothed whales. Grouped Species Action Plan., 2004-07-13 00:00:00

Anonymous, (1999e). Small dolphins. Grouped Species Action Plan., 2002-01-25 00:00:00

Anonymous, (1999ii). Marine turtles. Grouped Species Action Plan, 2001-07-09 00:00:00

Anonymous, (1999vii). Common skate (Raja batis). Species Action Plan., 2004-01-20 00:00:00

Anonymous, (1999z). Harbour porpoise (Phocoena phocoena). Species Action Plan., 2001-07-09 00:00:00

Anonymous, (2009). Sandeels ,

Aprahamian, M.W., Aprahamian, C.D., Baglinière, J.L., Sabatié, R. & Alexandrino, P., (2003). Alosa alosa and Alosa fallax spp. Literature Review and Bibliography. R&D Technical Report W1-014/TR, Environment Agency

Aquascope, (2000b). More about the sand goby. [On-line], 2001-02-22 00:00:00

Araújo, F.G., Williams, W.P. & Bailey, R.G., (2000). Fish assemblages as indicators of water quality in the middle Thames Estuary, England (1980-1989). Estuaries, 23, 305-317.

Arenas, F., Bishop, J.D.D., Carlton, J.T., Dyrynda, P.J., Farnham, W.F., Gonzalez, D.J., Jacobs, M.W., Lambert, C., Lambert, G., Nielsen, S.E., Pederson, J.A., Porter, J.S., Ward, S. & Wood, C.A., (2006). Alien species and other notable records from a rapid assessment survey of marinas on the south coast of England. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 86, 1329-1337.

ARKive (2008). British Birds., 2008-09-22 00:00:00

Bakus, G.J., (1968). Sedimentation and benthic invertebrates of Fanning Island, Central Pacific. Marine Geology, 6, 45-51.

Baldock, B. & Bishop, J.D.D., (2001). Occurrence of the non-native ascidian Perophora japonica in the Fleet, southern England. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 81, 1067.

Barnes, R.S.K., (1994). The brackish-water fauna of northwestern Europe. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Barro, D.G., (2005). The genus Sebastes Cuvier, 1829 (Pisces, Scorpaenidae) in the North Atlantic: species and stock discrimination using traditional and geometric morphometrics. , Ph.D. thesis, University of Vigo.

Berge, J.A., Johannessen, K.I. & Reiersen, L.O., (1983). Effects of the water soluble fraction of the North Sea crude oil on the swimming activity of the sand goby, Pomatoschistus minutus (Pallas). Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 68, 159-167.

Bergstad, O.A., (1990). Distribution, population structure, growth and reproduction of the roundnose grenadier Coryphaenoides rupestris (Pisces: Macrouridae) in the deep waters of the Skagerrak. Marine Biology, 107, 25-39

Bergstad, O.A., Hoines, A.S. & Jorgensen, T., (2002). Growth of sandeel, Ammodytes marinus, in the northern North Sea and Norwegian coastal waters. Fisheries Research, 56, 9-23

Bergstadt, O.A.; Hoines, A.S.; Kruger-Johnsen, E.M., (2001). Spawning time, age and size at maturity, and fecundity of sandeel, Ammodytes marinus, in the north-eastern North Sea and in unfished coastal waters off Norway. Aquatic Living Resources, 14(5), 293-301

Berril, N.J., (1931). Studies in tunicate development. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London (B), 219, 281-346.

Berril, N.J., (1950). The Tunicata with an account of the British species. London: Ray Society.

Berril, N.J., (1975). Chordata: Tunicata. In Reproduction of marine Invertebrates, vol. II, (ed. A.C. Geise & J.S. Pearse), pp. 241-282. New York: Academic Press.

Berschick, P., Bridges, C.R., & Grieshaber, M.K., (1987). The influence of hyperoxia, hypoxia and temperature on the respiratory physiology of the intertidal rockpool fish Gobius cobitis Pallas. Journal of Experimental Biology, 130, 369-387.

Biodiversity Steering Group, (1995). Biodiversity: the UK Steering Group report, vol. 1 & 2. London: HMSO.

Blake, R.W., (1976). On seahorse locomotion. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 56, 939-949,

BMLSS (British Marine Life Study Society), (2008). Sea Mammals: Seals Page., 2008-03-13 00:00:00

Bolton, T.F. & Havenhand, J.N., (1996). Chemical mediation of sperm activity and longevity in the solitary ascidians Ciona intestinalis and Ascidiella aspersa. Biological Bulletin, Marine Biological Laboratory, Woods Hole, 190, 329-335.

Bone, Q., (1971). On the scabbard fish Aphanopus carbo. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 51, 219-225

Borg, A.A., Forsgren, E. & Magnhagen, C., (2002). Plastic sex-roles in the common goby - the effect of nest availability. Oikos, 98, 105-115.

Bouchereau, J.L, Joyeux, J.C. & Quignard, J.P., (1989). La reproduction de Pomatoschistus microps (Kroyer, 1938), Poissons, Gobiides, dans la lagune de Mauguio. (France). Bulletin d'ecologie, 20, 193-202.

Bouchereau, J.L. & Guelorget, O., (1998). Comparison of 3 Gobiidae (Teleostei) life history strategies over their geographical range. Oceanologica Acta, 21, 503-517.

Bouchereau, J.L., Quignard, J.P., Tomansi, J.A. & Capape, C., (1990). Sexual cycle, condition, fecundity and spawning of Pomatoschistus minutus (Pallas, 1770) (Gobiidae), from the Gulf of Lion, France. Cybium, 14, 251-267.

Bowling, J.W., Leversee, G.J., Landrum, P.F. & Giesy, J.P., (1983). Acute mortality of anthracene-contaminated fish exposed to sunlight. Aquatic Toxicology, 3, 79-90.

Bradshaw, C., Veale, L.O., Hill, A.S. & Brand, A.R., (2000). The effects of scallop dredging on gravelly seabed communities. In: Effects of fishing on non-target species and habitats (ed. M.J. Kaiser & de S.J. Groot), pp. 83-104. Oxford: Blackwell Science.

Bradshaw, C., Veale, L.O., Hill, A.S. & Brand, A.R., (2002). The role of scallop-dredge disturbance in long-term changes in Irish Sea benthic communities: a re-analysis of an historical dataset. Journal of Sea Research, 47, 161-184.

Branch, G.M., Griffiths, C.L., Branch, M.L. & Beckley, L.E., (1994). A guide to the marine life of South Africa. South Africa: David Philips Publishers.

Brander, K., (1981). Disappearance of common skate Raja batis from Irish Sea. Nature, 290, 48-49.

Bristow, P., (1992). The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Fishes. Chancellor Press, London.

British Trust for Ornithology (2007). Bird Atlas 2007-11. Mapping Britain and Ireland's Birds. Results from earlier BTO Atlases., 2008-10-08 00:00:00

Brongersma, L.D., (1972). European Atlantic Turtles. Leiden. Zoologische Verhandlingen.

Bruce, J.R., Colman, J.S. & Jones, N.S., (1963). Marine fauna of the Isle of Man. Liverpool: Liverpool University Press.

Brunetti, R., (1987). Species of Clavelina in the Mediterranean Sea. Annales de l'Institut Oceanographique, Paris, 63, 101-118.

Bruyns, W.F.J.M., (1971). Field guide of whales and dolphins. Amsterdam: Publishing Company Tors.

Bryan, G.W., (1984). Pollution due to heavy metals and their compounds. In Marine Ecology: A Comprehensive, Integrated Treatise on Life in the Oceans and Coastal Waters, vol. 5. Ocean Management, part 3, (ed. O. Kinne), pp.1289-1431. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

Bustard, R., (1972). Sea turtles, their natural history and conservation. London: Collins.

Cadenat, J., Capapé, C. & Desoutter, M., (1978). Description d'un torpedinidae nouveau des cô tes occidentales d'Afrique: Torpedo bauchotae (Torpediniformes, Pisces). Cybium, 4, 29-42

Cady, M. & Hume, R. (eds), (1993). The Complete Book of British Birds. Basingstoke: The Automobile Association and the Royal Society for the Protection of Birds

Campbell, A., (1994). Seashores and shallow seas of Britain and Europe. London: Hamlyn.

Carcupino, M., Baldacci, A., Mazzini, M. & Franzoi, P., (2002). Functional significance of the male brood pouch in the reproductive strategies of pipefishes and seahorses: a morphological and ultrastructural comparative study in three anatomically different pouches. Journal of Fish Biology, 61, 1465-1480.

Cargnelli, L.M., Griesbach, S.J. & Morse, W.W., (1999). Essential Fish Habitat Document: Atlantic halibut, Hippoglossus hippoglossus, Life history and habitat characteristics. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Technical Memorandum, NMFS-NE-125.

Cargnelli, L.M., Griesbach, S.J., Berrien, P.L., Morse, W.W. & Johnson, D.L., (1999). Essential fish habitat source document: Haddock, Melanogrammus aeglefinus, life history and habitat characteristics. NOAA Technical Memorandum, NMFS-NE-128

Carlisle, D.B., (1954). Styela mammiculata, a new species of ascidian from the Plymouth area. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 33, 329-334.

Carwardine, M., (2000). Whales Dolphins and Porpoises. Dorling Kindersley Limited.

Cayer, D., MacNeil, M. & Bagnall, A.G., (1999). Tunicate fouling in Nova Scotia aquaculture: a new development. Journal of Shellfish Research, 18, 327 (Abstract only).

Chadwick-Furman, N.E., & Weissman, I.L., (1995). Life histories and senescence of Botryllus schlosseri (Chordata: Ascidiacea) in Monterey Bay. Biological Bulletin, Marine Biological Laboratory, Woods Hole, 189, 36-41.

Chevolot, M., (2006). Assessing genetic structure of thornback ray, Raja clavata: a thorny situation? Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences pp148. University of Groningen.,

Chevolot, M., Ellis, J.R., Hoarau, G., Rijnsdorp, A.D., Stam, W.T. & Olsen, J.L. (2006). Population structure of the thornback ray (Raja clavata L.) in British waters. Journal of Sea Research, 56, 305–316

Christensen, A, Jensen, H., Mosegaard, H., St. John, M., Schrum, C., (2008). Sandeel (Ammodytes marinus) larval transport patterns in the North Sea from an individual-based hydrodynamic egg and larval model. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 65(7), 1498-1511

Claridge, P.N., Hardisty, M.W., Potter, I.C. & Williams, C.W., (1985). Abundance, life history and ligulosis in the gobies (Teleostei) of the inner Severn estuary. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 65, 951-968.

Clark, R.S., (1922). Rays and Skates (Raiae) No.1: Egg capsules and young Journal of Marine Biological Association UK 12, 577-643.

Clarke, M.W., Connolly, P.L. & Bracken, J.J., (2001). Aspects of reproduction of the deep water sharks Centroscymnus coelolepis and Centrophorus squamosus from west of Ireland and Scotland. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 81, 1019-1029.

Cohen, D.M., Inada, T., Iwamoto, T. & Scialabba, N., (1990). FAO species catalogue. Vol. 10. Gadiform Fishes of the World. An Annotated and Illustrated Catalogue of Cods, Hakes, Grenadiers and Other Gadiform Fishes Known to Date. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) Fisheries Synopsies, 125

Collette, B.B. & Nauen, C.E., (1983). FAO species catalogue. Vol. 2. Scombrids of the World. An Annotated and Illustrated Catalogue of Tunas, Mackerels, Bonitos and Related Species Known to Date. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) Fisheries Synopsies, 125

Compagno, L.J.V., (1984). FAO species catalogue. Vol. 4. Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Part 1 - Hexanchiformes to Lamniformes. FAO Fisheries Synopsies, 125, 1-249

Compagno, L.J.V., (1984). FAO species catalogue. Vol. 4. Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Part 2 - Carcharhiniformes. FAO Fisheries Synopsies, 125, 251-655

Corbet, G.B. & Southern, H.N., (1977). The handbook of British Mammals. 2nd edition. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford & London.

Cordone, A.J. & Kelley, D.W., (1961). The influences of inorganic sediment on the aquatic life of streams. California Fish Game, 47, 189-228.

Costello, M.J., Bouchet, P., Boxshall, G., Emblow, C. & Vanden Berghe, E., (2004). European Register of Marine Species [On-line].,

CRESLI (Coastal Research and Education Society of Long Island), (2001). The leatherback sea turtle (Dermochelys coracia), 2001-06-19 00:00:00

Crisp, D.J. (ed.), (1964). The effects of the severe winter of 1962-63 on marine life in Britain. Journal of Animal Ecology, 33, 165-210.

Crisp, D.J., Southward, A.J. & Southward, E.C., (1981). On the distribution of the intertidal barnacles Chthamalus stellatus, Chthamalus montagui and Euraphia depressa. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 61, 359-380.

Crothers, J. A., (1997). A key to the major groups of British marine invertebrates. Field Studies, 9, 1-177.

Crothers, J.H. (ed.), (1966). Dale Fort Marine Fauna. London: Field Studies Council.

Davis, M.H. & Davis, M.E., (2004). New records of Styela clava Herdman, 1882 (Tunicata, Ascidiacea) in Europe. Porcupine Marine Natural History Society Newsletter, 14, 24-27.

Davison, D.M. & Hughes, D.J., (1998). Zostera biotopes: An overview of dynamics and sensitivity characteristics for conservation management of marine SACs, Vol. 1. Scottish Association for Marine Science, (UK Marine SACs Project)., Scottish Association for Marine Science, (UK Marine SACs Project),Vol. 1.,

Dawson, 1986 (1986). Syngnathidae. In Smiths' sea fishes (ed. M.M. Smith & P.C. Heemstra), pp. 445-448. Berlin: Springer-Verlag

De Caralt, S., López-Legentil, S., Tarjuelo, I., Uriz, M.J. & Turon, X., (2002). Contrasting biological traits of Clavelina lepadiformis (Ascidiacea) populations from inside and outside harbours in the western Mediterranean. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 244, 125-137.

Desoutter, M. & Chapleau, F., (1997). Taxonomic status of Bathysolea profundicola and B. polli (Soleidae, Pleuronectiformes) with notes on the genus. Icthyological Research, 44, 339-412

Dipper, F., (2001). British sea fishes (2nd edn). Teddington: Underwater World Publications Ltd.

Dipper, R., & Powell. A., (1984). Field guide to the water life of Britain. London: Reader's Digest Association Limited.

Dolgov, A.V., Drevetnyak, K.V. & Gusev, E.V., (2005). The Status of Skate Stocks in the Barents Sea Journal of Northwest Atlantic Fisheries Science, 35, 249-260

Doornbos, G. & Twisk, F. (1987). Density, growth and annual food consumption of gobiid fish in the saline Lake Grevelingen, the Netherlands. Netherlands Journal of Sea Research, 21, 45-74.

Duck, C., (2002). Pup production in the British Grey seal population., 2003-10-07 00:00:00

Duck, C.D. & Thompson, D., (2003). The status of British Common Seal Populations. In Scientific Advice on Matters Related to the Management of Seal Populations. Special Committee on Seals (SCOS)., Sea Mammal Research Unit, University of St. Andrews.,\pdfs\SCOS%2003_v7.pdf

Ebere, A.G. & Akintonwa, A., (1992). Acute toxicity of pesticides to Gobius sp., Palaemonetes africanus, and Desmocaris trispimosa. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 49, 588-592.

Ebert, D.A. & Sulikowski, J.A. (eds.), (2007). Biology of skates. Environmental Biology of Fishes, 80, 107-349.

Ehrich, S. & Reinsch, H.H. (1985). Bestandskundliche Untersuchungen am Blauleng (Molva dypterygia dypt.) in den Gewassern westlich der Britischen Inseln. Archiv fur Fischereiwissenschaft, 36, 97-113

Ellis, J.R. & Shackley, S.E., (1995). Notes on porbeagle sharks, Lamna nasus, from the Bristol Channel. Journal of Fish Biology, 46, 368-370

Ellis, J. R. & Shackley, S. E., (1995). Observations on egg-laying in the thornback ray Journal of Fish Biology, 46(5), 903 - 904.

Ellis, J.R., Cruz-Martinez, A., Rackham, B.D. & Rogers, S.I., (2005). The distribution of chondrichthyan fishes around the British Isles and implications for conservation. Journal of Northwest Atlantic Fisheries Science, 35, 195–213.

Ellis, J. R., Pawson, M. G., & Shackley, S. E., (1996). The comparative feeding ecology of six species of shark and four species of ray (Elasmobranchii) in the North-east Atlantic. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 76, 89-106

Elvira, B. (ed.), (2000). Symposium on the Conservation of the Atlantic Sturgeon Acipenser sturio, L., 1758, in Europe. Madrid and seville, Spain, 6-11 September 1999. Boletin del Instituto Espanol de Oceanografia, 16.

Eno, N.C., Clark, R.A. & Sanderson, W.G. (ed.) (1997). Non-native marine species in British waters: a review and directory. Peterborough: Joint Nature Conservation Committee.

Evans, P.G.H. & Raga, J. A. (ed.), (2001). Marine mammals: biology and conservation New York: Kluwer Academic / Plenum Publishers

Fahy, E., (1988). Recent developments in the Irish fisheries for spurdog, Squalus acanthias (L.). ICES Council Meeting Papers, C.M.1988/H:6

Faria, C. & Almada, V., (1999). Variation and resilience of rocky intertidal fish in western Portugal. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 184, 197-203.

Faria, C., Almada, V. & Do Carmo Nunes, M., (1998). Patterns of agonistic behaviour, shelter occupation and habitat preference in juvenile Lipophrys pholis, Coryphoblennius galerita and Gobius cobitis. Journal of Fish Biology, 53, 6, 1263-1273.

Fiana-Medioni, A., (1978). A scanning electron microscope study of the branchial sac of benthic filter-feeding invertebrates (ascidians). Acta Zoologica, 59, 1, 1-9.

Fish, J.D. & Fish, S., (1996). A student's guide to the seashore. Second edition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

FishBase, (2000). FishBase. A global information system on fishes. [On-line], 2001-05-03 00:00:00

Flemer, D.A., Stanley, R.S., Ruth, B.F., Bundrick, C.M., Moody, P.H. & Moore, J.C. (1995). Recolonization of estuarine organisms - effects of microcosm size and pesticides. Hydrobiologia, 304, 85-101.

Fletcher, N. & Curtis, D. (1999). Cetacean monitoring in the English Channel and Bay of Biscay, from platform of opportunity, over six years period (1993-1998) European Research on Cetaceans, 13, 210

Fonds, M. & van Buurt, G., (1974). The influence of temperature and salinity on the development and survival of goby eggs (Pisces, Gobiidae). Hydrobiological Bulleting (Amsterdam), 8, 110-116.

Fonds, M. & Veldhuis, C., (1973). The oxygen consumption of four Pomatoschistus species (Pisces, Gobiidae) in relation to water temperature. Netherlands Journal of Sea Research, 7, 376-386.

Fonds, M., (1973). Sand gobies in the Dutch Wadden Sea (Pomatoschistus, Gobiidae, Pisces). Netherlands Journal of Sea Research, 6, 417-478.

Fonseca, M.S., (1992). Restoring seagrass systems in the United States. In Restoring the Nation's Marine Environment (ed. G.W. Thayer), pp. 79 -110. Maryland: Maryland Sea Grant College.

Foster-Smith, J. (ed.), (2000). The marine fauna and flora of the Cullercoats District. Marine species records for the North East Coast of England. Sunderland: Penshaw Press, for the Dove Marine Laboratory, University of Newcastle upon Tyne.

Fox, R., (1994). Ciona intestinalis: invertebrate anatomy., 2000-05-10 00:00:00

Frimodt, C., (1995). Multilingual illustrated guide to the world's commercial coldwater fish. Fishing News Books, Osney Mead, Oxford, England.

Froese, R. & Pauly, D. (ed.), (2000a). Species summary for Gobius cobitis, giant goby., 2001-02-22 00:00:00

Froese, R. & Pauly, D. (ed.), (2000b). Species summary for Gobius couchi, couch's goby., 2001-02-22 00:00:00

Froese, R. & Pauly, D. (ed.), (2000d). Species summary for Pomatoschistus microps, common goby., 2001-02-22 00:00:00

Froese, R. & Pauly, D. (ed.), (2000e). Species summary for Pomatoschistus minutus, sand goby., 2001-02-22 00:00:00

Froese, R. & Pauly, D., (2004). Fishbase. A global information system on fishes. [On-line], 2004-10-18 00:00:00

Froese, R. & Pauly, D., (2007). Fishbase. A global information system on fishes. [On-line], 2008-02-18 00:00:00

Furness, R.W., Greenstreet, S.P.R. & Walsh, P.M., (1996). Spatial and temporal variability in the breeding success of seabirds around the British Isles: evidence for distinct sandeel stocks? ICES Cooperative Research Report, 216, 63-65.

Gallagher, M.J., Nolan, C.P. & Jeal, F., (2005). Age, Growth and Maturity of the Commercial Ray Species from the Irish Sea Journal of Northwest Atlantic Fishery Science , 35, 47-66.

Garrick-Maidment, N. & Jones, L., (2004). British seahorse survey report 2004. Report by the Seahorse Trust, Devon, England.

Garrick-Maidment, N., (1997). Seahorses conservation and care. England: Kingdom Books.

Garrick-Maidment, N., (1998). A note on the status of indigenous species of seahorse. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 78, 691-692.

Gauld, J.A., (1990). Movements of lesser sandeels (Ammodytes marinus Raitt) tagged in the northwestern North Sea. Journal du Conseil, 46(3), 229-231

Gauld, J.A., Hutcheon, J.R. (1990). Spawning and fecundity in the lesser sandeel, Ammodytes marinus Raitt, in the north-western North Sea. Journal of Fish Biology, 36(4), 611-613.

Geffen, A.J., Pearce, N.J.G. & Perkins, W.T., (1998). Metal concentrations in fish otoliths in relation to body composition after laboratory exposure to mercury and lead. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 165, 235-245.

Geistdoerfer, P., (1977). Contribution a la biologie de Coryphaenoides rupestris. Repartition et reproduction dans l'Atlantique nord est. ICES Committee Meeting Papers and Reports, C.M.1977/F:45

Gibson, R., Hextall, B. & Rogers, A., (2001). Photographic guide to the sea and seashore life of Britain and north-west Europe. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Gibson, R.N. & Ezzi, I.A., (1987). Feeding relationships of a demersal fish assemblage on the west coast of Scotland Journal of fish Biology, 31, 55-69.

Gibson, R.N., (1970). Observations on the biology of the giant goby, Gobius cobitis Pallas. Journal of Fish Biology,2, 281-288.

Giesen, W.B.J.T., Katwijk van, M.M., Hartog den, C., (1990). Eelgrass condition and turbidity in the Dutch Wadden Sea. Aquatic Botany, 37, 71-95.

Gil, M.F., Goncalves, E.J., Faria, C., Almada, V.C., Baptista, C., Carreiro, H., (1997). Embryonic and larval development of the giant goby, Gobius cobitis. Journal of Natural History, 31, 5, 799-804.

Gordon, J.D.M., (1977). The fish populations in inshore waters of the west coast of Scotland. The distribution, abundance and growth of the whiting (Merlangius merlangus L.). Journal of Fish Biology, 10, 587-596

Gordon, J.D.M., (1977). The fish populations of inshore waters of the west coast of Scotland. The unusual occurrence of the blue whiting (Micromesistius poutassou) and some notes on its biology. Journal of Fish Biology, 11, 121-124

Gordon, J.D.M., (1979). The depth distribution of roundnose grenadier (Coryphaenoides rupestris Gunnerus) on the west of Scotland slope. Annales Biologiques, 34, 225-226

Granmo, A., Havenhand, J., Magnusson, K. & Svane, I., (1988). Effects of the planktonic flagellate Chrysochromulina polylepis Manton et Park on fertilisation and early development of the ascidian Ciona intestinalis (L.) and the blue mussel Mytilus edulis (L.) Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 124, 65-71.

Greenstreet, S.P.R., Armstrong, E., Mosegaard, H., Jensen, H., Gibb, I.M., Fraser, H.M., Scott, B.E., Holland, G.J. & Sharples, J., (2006). Variation in the abundance of sandeels Ammodytes marinus off southeast Scotland: an evaluation of area-closure fisheries management and stock abundance assessment methods. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 63(8), 1530-1550.

Harris, M.P. & Wanless, S., (1997). Breeding success, diet, and brood neglect in the kittiwake (Rissa tridactyla) over an 11-year period. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 54(4), 615-623.

Haug, T., (1990). Biology of the Atlantic halibut, Hippoglossus hippoglossus (L., 1758). Advances in Marine Biology, 26, 1-70

Havenhand, J.N. & Svane, I., (1991). Roles of hydrodynamics and larval behaviour in determining spatial aggregation in the tunicate Ciona intestinalis. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 68, 271-276.

Hayward, P., Nelson-Smith, T. & Shields, C. (1996). Collins pocket guide. Sea shore of Britain and northern Europe. London: HarperCollins.

Hayward, P.J. & Ryland, J.S. (ed.) (1995b). Handbook of the marine fauna of North-West Europe. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Hayward, P.J. & Ryland, J.S. (1990). The marine fauna of the British Isles and north-west Europe. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Hayward, P.J. & Ryland, J.S. (1994). The marine fauna of the British Isles and north-west Europe. Volume 1. Introduction and Protozoans to Arthropods. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Healey, M.C., (1971). The distribution and abundance of sand gobies, Gobius minutus, in the Ythan estuary. Journal of Zoology, London, 163, 177-229.

Hecht, T. & Heasman, K., (1999). The culture of Mytilus galloprovincialis in South Africa and the carrying capacity of mussel farming in Saldanha Bay. World Aquaculture, 30, 50-55.

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