|General Information||Taxonomy and identification||General biology||Habitat preferences and distribution||Reproduction and longevity||Sensitivity||Importance|
Image Crown copyright - An individual of the Callianassa genus.
Image copyright information
Callianassa subterranea is not listed under any importance categories.
|Researched by:||Jacqueline Hill||Refereed by:||This information is not refereed.|
|Phylum||Arthropoda||Arthropods, joint-legged animals, e.g. insects, crustaceans & spiders|
|Class||Malacostraca||Crabs, lobsters, sand hoppers and sea slaters|
|Recorded distribution in Britain and Ireland||Recorded distribution is limited to the south coast of Britain, west coast of Scotland and a single site in the Kenmare River area, in southern Ireland. However, Callianassa subterranea is likely to be more widespread than records suggest.|
|Habitat information||The species creates complex burrow systems in sandy mud sediments from the lower shore to the shallow sublittoral. The burrows, which have been recorded up to 81 cm deep, consist of a multi-branched network of tunnels connected to several inhalant shafts, each terminating in a funnel shaped opening to the surface.|
|Description||Callianassa subterranea is a burrowing prawn up to 4 cm long. The body is elongate with a small carapace and short rostrum and is relatively soft (i.e. not strongly calcified). The chelipeds (claws) are massive and unequal and are larger in males than females of the same carapace length. The species is pale puce, sometimes darker, in colour.|
This review can be cited as follows:
Jacqueline Hill 2005. Callianassa subterranea. A burrowing mud shrimp. Marine Life Information Network: Biology and Sensitivity Key Information Sub-programme [on-line]. Plymouth: Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom. [cited 19/06/2013]. Available from: <http://www.marlin.ac.uk/speciesfullreview.php?speciesID=2836>