|General Information||Taxonomy and identification||General biology||Habitat preferences and distribution||Reproduction and longevity||Sensitivity||Importance|
Image Christine Howson - Lithothamnion glaciale nodules amongst pebbles with the sunstar Crossaster papposus, Isle of Lewis. Image width ca 20 cm.
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Lithothamnion glaciale is not listed under any importance categories.
|Researched by:||Angus Jackson||Refereed by:||This information is not refereed.|
|Recorded distribution in Britain and Ireland||Most abundant in the sea lochs of western Scotland, Orkney and Shetland. Recorded along the east coast south to Flamborough. Occasional on the south coast, Wales, Isle of Man and Lundy. Sparse records from north and south-western Ireland.|
|Habitat information||Lithothamnion glaciale occurs in two main growth forms - as a thin encrusting species on rock, boulders, pebbles and shells etc. and also as a loose-lying algal gravel. This species occurs mainly in the mid-lower regions of the photic zone where there is considerable but not excessive water movement, either from wave exposure or tidal currents.|
|Description||The form of this calcareous alga is very variable. It occurs in two main forms, a thin, hard crust on hard substrata as well as an unattached, fragile, branched nodules. When young, the crustose form is smooth with some scattered young mounds but develops branches with age. The loose-lying nodules may form dense beds of algal gravel. Encrusting individuals may reach up to 20 cm across and free-living plants may reach 4 - 5 cm across. In the free-living form the branches are up to 4 mm in diameter and 15 mm in length. The plants, when alive, are reddish to deep pink in colour with a violet tinge and white when dead.|
This review can be cited as follows:
Angus Jackson 2003. Lithothamnion glaciale. Maerl. Marine Life Information Network: Biology and Sensitivity Key Information Sub-programme [on-line]. Plymouth: Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom. [cited 18/06/2013]. Available from: <http://www.marlin.ac.uk/speciesfullreview.php?speciesID=3711>