BIOTIC Species Information for Psammechinus miliaris
Click here to view the MarLIN Key Information Review for Psammechinus miliaris
Researched byLizzie Tyler Data supplied byUniversity of Sheffield
Refereed byThis information is not refereed.
Taxonomy
Scientific namePsammechinus miliaris Common nameGreen sea-urchin
MCS CodeZB193 Recent SynonymsNone

PhylumEchinodermata SubphylumEchinozoa
Superclass ClassEchinoidea
Subclass OrderEchinoida
Suborder FamilyPaechinidae
GenusPsammechinus Speciesmiliaris
Subspecies   

Additional Information
  • Sometimes called the purple tipped sea urchin. Older publications may refer to sea urchins as "burrs" (Hancock, 1957). Strongylocentrotus droebachiensis is also known as the green sea urchin. It is possible for Psammechinus miliaris to be confused with Strongylocentrotus droebachiensis or pale specimens of Paracentrotus lividus.
  • A regular sea urchin with a somewhat flattened test. The colour varies with habitat (Bull, 939; Lindahl & Runnström, 1929; Comely, 1979). Shallow water or littoral individuals are a deep purplish-brown and show no difference between the colour of the test and spines. Those from deeper water tend to be paler in colour, with a light green test and vivid purple spine tips.
  • The tube-feet are arranged in arcs of 3, visible as 3 pairs of pores corresponding with each ambulacral plate on the denuded test.
  • A typical species of bouldered sheltered shores, also found sublittorally in shallow water in sheltered or slightly brackish sites such as sea lochs. Common in the circalittoral on exposed shores in Shetland.
MarLIN would like to thanks Dr Maeve Kelly for her comments and significant additions to the review.
Taxonomy References Howson & Picton, 1997, Hayward & Ryland, 1995b, Hayward et al., 1996, Hancock, 1957, Mortensen, 1927, Massin, 1999(b), Aquascope, 2000(a), Bull, 1939, Lindahl & Runnström, 1929, Comely, 1979,
About MarLIN | Contact, Enquiries & Feedback | Terms & Conditions | Funding | Glossary | Accessibility | Privacy | Sponsorship

Creative Commons License BIOTIC (Biological Traits Information Catalogue) by MarLIN (Marine Life Information Network) is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales License. Permissions beyond the scope of this license are available at http://www.marlin.ac.uk/termsandconditions.php. Note that images and other media featured on this page are each governed by their own terms and conditions and they may or may not be available for reuse. Based on a work at www.marlin.ac.uk.