BIOTIC Species Information for Eunicella verrucosa
Researched byDr Keith Hiscock Data supplied byMarLIN
Refereed byThis information is not refereed.
Distribution and Habitat
Distribution in Britain & IrelandRecorded northwards to north Pembrokeshire and eastwards to Portland Bill in Britain. Common in parts of south Devon and Cornwall and at Lundy. Present on the south and west coasts of Ireland but common only in Galway and Donegal Bays.
Global distributionSouth and west coasts of Britain and Ireland south to north-west Africa and present in the western Mediterranean (Carpine, 1975; Manual, 1988).
Biogeographic rangeNot researched Depth range4m to at least 50m
MigratoryNon-migratory / Resident   
Distribution Additional InformationOlder records suggest that the species occurred in the English Channel almost to the Thames Estuary (Margate). May occur in south-west Scotland but records needed (Manual, 1988)

Substratum preferencesArtificial (e.g. metal/wood/concrete)
Large to very large boulders
Physiographic preferencesOpen coast
Offshore seabed
Strait / sound
Biological zoneUpper Circalittoral
Lower Circalittoral
Wave exposureVery Exposed
Moderately Exposed
Tidal stream strength/Water flowModerately Strong (1-3 kn)
SalinityFull (30-40 psu)
Habitat Preferences Additional Information
Distribution References Carpine & Grasshoff, 1975, Anonymous, 2001, Manuel, 1988, Bavestrello et al., 1997,
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