BIOTIC Species Information for Palmaria palmata
Researched byJacqueline Hill Data supplied byMarLIN
Refereed byDr Thomas Wiedemann
Distribution and Habitat
Distribution in Britain & IrelandGenerally distributed throughout Britain and Ireland, but apparently absent from significant stretches of coast in eastern England.
Global distributionArctic Russia to Portugal; Baltic. Artic Canada to USA (New Jersey); USA (Alaska to California); Japan, Korea.
Biogeographic rangeNot researched Depth rangeTo a depth of 20m
MigratoryNon-migratory / Resident   
Distribution Additional InformationNo text entered

Substratum preferencesBedrock
Large to very large boulders
Physiographic preferencesOpen coast
Strait / sound
Enclosed coast / Embayment
Biological zoneSublittoral Fringe
Lower Eulittoral
Upper Infralittoral
Wave exposureModerately Exposed
Tidal stream strength/Water flowStrong (3-6 kn)
Moderately Strong (1-3 kn)
Weak (<1 kn)
SalinityFull (30-40 psu)
Habitat Preferences Additional Information
Distribution References Irvine, 1983, Hardy & Guiry, 2003,
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