BIOTIC Species Information for Caryophyllia smithii
Researched byPaul Gregory Data supplied byMarLIN
Refereed byThis information is not refereed.
General Biology
Growth formCylindrical
Feeding methodPassive suspension feeder
Mobility/MovementPermanent attachment
Environmental positionEpifaunal
Typical food typesZooplankton, organic particulates HabitAttached
BioturbatorNot relevant FlexibilityNone (< 10 degrees)
FragilityFragile SizeSmall(1-2cm)
HeightUp to 1.5 cm Growth RateInsufficient information
Adult dispersal potentialNone DependencyIndependent
General Biology Additional InformationManuel (1988) states that the Devonshire cup coral has two forms; a shallow water form (Caryophyllia smithii var. smithii) that can be found in waters up to 100 m deep and a deep water form (Caryophyllia smithii var. clavus) that is found in water >50-1000 m deep. The shape of the corallum is distinctly different between the two forms, the deep water form being smaller with a narrow base, but the two forms are otherwise similar in general structure (Manuel, 1988).

Caryophyllia inornata is very similar and co-occurs in some locations. Young specimens of Caryophyllia smithii are usually six-rayed and may be virtually indistinguishable from Caryophyllia inornata (Manuel, 1983).

Growth rate up to 4 mm in first year (Bell, 2002), then up to 2 mm in subsequent years (Hiscock & Howlett, 1976).
Biology References Manuel, 1983, Bell, 2002, Hiscock & Howlett, 1976, Bell, 2002, Gibson et al., 2001, Manuel, 1983, Fish & Fish, 1996, Bell & Turner, 2000,
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