BIOTIC Species Information for Caryophyllia smithii
Researched byPaul Gregory Data supplied byMarLIN
Refereed byThis information is not refereed.
Scientific nameCaryophyllia smithii Common nameDevonshire cup coral
MCS CodeD783 Recent SynonymsCaryophyllia claves, Paracyathus taxilianus, Paracyathus thulensis, Paracyathus pteropus.

PhylumCnidaria Subphylum
SuperclassAnthozoa ClassHexacorallia
Subclass OrderScleractinia
Suborder FamilyCaryophylliidae
GenusCaryophyllia Speciessmithii

Additional InformationManuel (1988) states that the Devonshire cup coral has two forms; a shallow water form (Caryophyllia smithii var. smithii) that can be found in waters up to 100 m deep and a deep water form (Caryophyllia smithii var. clavus) that is found in water >50-1000 m deep. The shape of the corallum is distinctly different between the two forms, the deep water form being smaller with a narrow base, but the two forms are otherwise similar in general structure (Manuel, 1988). Caryophyllia inornata is very similar and co-occurs in some locations. Young specimens of Caryophyllia smithii are usually six-rayed and may be virtually indistinguishable from Caryophyllia inornata (Manuel, 1983).
Taxonomy References Hayward & Ryland, 1995b, Hayward et al., 1996, Gibson et al., 2001, Howson & Picton, 1997, Howson & Picton, 1999, Manuel, 1988, Manuel, 1983,
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