BIOTIC Species Information for Sagartia elegans
Researched byDr Paul Somerfield & Prof. Richard Warwick Data supplied byPML
Refereed byThis information is not refereed
Scientific nameSagartia elegans Common nameA sea anemone
MCS CodeD712 Recent Synonyms

PhylumCnidaria Subphylum
SuperclassAnthozoa ClassHexacorallia
Subclass OrderActiniaria
SuborderNynantheae FamilySagartiidae
GenusSagartia Specieselegans

Additional Information
Taxonomy References Howson & Picton, 1997, Manuel, 1988, Stephenson, 1935, Hayward & Ryland, 1995b,
General Biology
Growth formCylindrical
Feeding methodPredator
Mobility/MovementTemporary attachment
Environmental position
Typical food typesZooplankton HabitAttached
Bioturbator FlexibilityHigh (>45 degrees)
FragilityIntermediate SizeMedium(11-20 cm)
HeightUp to 5 cm Growth RateNot researched
Adult dispersal potentialNot researched DependencyIndependent
General Biology Additional Information
Biology References Fish & Fish, 1996,
Distribution and Habitat
Distribution in Britain & IrelandWidespread through Britain and Ireland.
Global distributionFound in north-west Europe from Scandinavia to Portugal, although mostly recorded around the British Isles and Ireland.
Biogeographic rangeTemperate. Depth rangeLower shore to 50 m.
MigratoryNon-migratory / Resident   
Distribution Additional Information

Substratum preferencesGravel / shingle
Physiographic preferences
Biological zone Wave exposure
Tidal stream strength/Water flow Salinity
Habitat Preferences Additional Information
Distribution References Manuel, 1988, Stephenson, 1935, Hayward & Ryland, 1995b, NBN, 2002, Fish & Fish, 1996, Tebble, 1976,
Reproduction/Life History
Reproductive typeProtandrous hermaphrodite
Developmental mechanismPlanktotrophic
Viviparous (No Care)
Reproductive SeasonInsufficient information Reproductive LocationAs adult
Reproductive frequency Regeneration potential No
Life spanInsufficient information Age at reproductive maturity<1 year
Generation timeNot researched FecundityInsufficient information
Egg/propagule size80-90 µm Fertilization typeExternal
Larval/Juvenile dispersal potentialNot researched Larval settlement periodNot relevant
Duration of larval stageNot relevant   
Reproduction Preferences Additional Information
Reproduction References Fish & Fish, 1996, Thorson, 1946, Foster-Smith, 2000,
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