BIOTIC Species Information for Pagurus spp.
Researched byDr Paul Somerfield & Prof. Richard Warwick Data supplied byPML
Refereed byThis information is not refereed
Scientific namePagurus spp. Common nameA hermit crab
MCS CodeS1454 Recent Synonyms

PhylumCrustacea Subphylum
Superclass ClassEumalacostraca
SubclassEucarida OrderDecapoda
SuborderPleocyemata FamilyPaguridae
GenusPagurus Species

Additional Information
Taxonomy References Howson & Picton, 1997,
General Biology
Growth formArticulate
Feeding methodScavenger
Passive suspension feeder
Environmental positionEpibenthic
Typical food typesCarrion HabitFree living
Bioturbator FlexibilityNone (< 10 degrees)
FragilityFragile SizeSmall-medium(3-10cm)
Height Growth RateNot researched
Adult dispersal potentialNot researched DependencyCommensal with/on/in
General Biology Additional Information
Biology References Fish & Fish, 1996, Crothers & Crothers, 1988,
Distribution and Habitat
Distribution in Britain & IrelandFound on all British and Irish coasts.
Global distributionFound in Europe from western Russia to the Mediterranean, off the north-west coasts of the Atlantic, the southern coasts of Brazil and Argentina, western coasts of Canada and Alaska, southern Africa and Madagascar, south-east Asia and New Zealand.
Biogeographic rangeCold temperate to warm temperate. Depth rangeMTL to 140 m.
MigratoryNon-migratory / Resident   
Distribution Additional Information

Substratum preferencesRockpools
Gravel / shingle
Physiographic preferences
Biological zone Wave exposure
Tidal stream strength/Water flow Salinity
Habitat Preferences Additional Information
Distribution References Foster-Smith, 2000, MBA, 1957,
Reproduction/Life History
Reproductive typeGonochoristic
Developmental mechanismPlanktotrophic
Reproductive SeasonAll year. Reproductive LocationAs adult
Reproductive frequency Regeneration potential No
Life span6-10 years Age at reproductive maturity<1 year
Generation timeNot researched Fecundity12000-15000
Egg/propagule size600-620 µm Fertilization typeInternal
Larval/Juvenile dispersal potentialNot researched Larval settlement periodMarch to June
Duration of larval stage11-30 days   
Reproduction Preferences Additional Information
Reproduction References Fish & Fish, 1996, Foster-Smith, 2000, Tillin et al., 2006,
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