BIOTIC Species Information for Palaemon spp.
Researched bySean Lindsley-Leake Data supplied byMarLIN
Refereed byThis information is not refereed
Scientific namePalaemon spp. Common nameA prawn
MCS CodeS1315 Recent SynonymsLeander

PhylumCrustacea Subphylum
Superclass ClassEumalacostraca
SubclassEucarida OrderDecapoda
SuborderPleocyemata FamilyPalaemonidae
GenusPalaemon Species

Additional Information
Taxonomy References
General Biology
Growth form Feeding method
Environmental position
Typical food types HabitFree living
Bioturbator FlexibilityLow (10-45 degrees)
FragilityFragile SizeSmall-medium(3-10cm)
Height Growth Rate
Adult dispersal potential DependencyIndependent
General Biology Additional Information
Biology References Fish & Fish,1996,
Distribution and Habitat
Distribution in Britain & Ireland
Global distribution
Biogeographic range Depth range
Distribution Additional Information

Substratum preferences Physiographic preferences
Biological zone Wave exposure
Tidal stream strength/Water flow Salinity
Habitat Preferences Additional Information
Distribution References PMF, 1957,
Reproduction/Life History
Reproductive typeGonochoristic
Developmental mechanismPlanktotrophic
Reproductive SeasonSee additional information Reproductive LocationAs adult
Reproductive frequencyAnnual episodic Regeneration potential No
Life span3-5 years Age at reproductive maturity1 year
Generation time1 year Fecundity1000-2000
Egg/propagule size0.5-0.6mm Fertilization typeInternal
Larval/Juvenile dispersal potential100-1000m Larval settlement periodSee additional information
Duration of larval stage1-2 months   
Reproduction Preferences Additional InformationReproductive season varies according to location. In the Mediterranean the main season is August to October, with larvae prsent September to November. Around Plymouth the reproductive season varies with species, P.serratus breeding between February and November, whilst P.elegans is seen to breed from May to August. The larvae take 1-2 months before settling, with peaks occuring in recruitment from July to August (UK), and October to December (Med).
Reproduction References Fish & Fish,1996, PMF, 1957, Guero & Ribera, 1995, Manent & Abeilla-Gutierrez, 2006, Guero & Ribera, 2000, Belgin & Samsun, 2006,
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