BIOTIC Species Information for Bolocera tuediae
Researched byMorvan Barnes Data supplied byMarLIN
Refereed byThis information is not refereed
Scientific nameBolocera tuediae Common nameDeeplet sea anemone
MCS CodeD681 Recent Synonyms

PhylumCnidaria Subphylum
SuperclassAnthozoa ClassHexacorallia
Subclass OrderActiniaria
SuborderNynantheae FamilyActiniidae
GenusBolocera Speciestuediae

Additional Information
Taxonomy References Howson & Picton, 1997, Manuel, 1988, Hayward et al., 1996, Manuel, 1988, Howson & Picton, 1997, Hayward & Ryland, 1995b,
General Biology
Growth formRadial
Feeding methodPredator
Passive suspension feeder
Mobility/MovementPermanent attachment
Temporary attachment
Environmental positionEpifaunal
Typical food typesInvertebrates, mostly crustaceans HabitAttached
BioturbatorNot relevant FlexibilityLow (10-45 degrees)
FragilityIntermediate SizeMedium-large(21-50cm)
HeightNot researched Growth RateNot Researched
Adult dispersal potentialNot researched DependencyIndependent
General Biology Additional Information
Biology References Gemill, 1921, Manuel, 1988, Shick, 1991, Vader, 1970, Hayward & Ryland, 1995b,
Distribution and Habitat
Distribution in Britain & IrelandFound on all British and Irish coasts, less common in the south.
Global distributionFound in north-west Europe from Denmark, Norway and the coasts of Iceland to the Azores, and in the western Atlantic off the coasts Canada and the coasts of Argentina.
Biogeographic rangeCold temperate to temperate. Depth rangeFrom 20 m to 2000 m depth.
MigratoryNon-migratory / Resident   
Distribution Additional Information

Substratum preferencesBedrock
Large to very large boulders
Small boulders
Biogenic reef
Physiographic preferencesOpen coast
Offshore seabed
Biological zoneUpper Infralittoral
Lower Infralittoral
Upper Circalittoral
Lower Circalittoral
Circalittoral Offshore
Bathybenthic (Bathyal)
Wave exposureField unresearched
Tidal stream strength/Water flowField unresearched
SalinityFull (30-40 psu)
Habitat Preferences Additional Information
Distribution References JNCC, 1999, NBN, 2002, Gemill, 1921, Manuel, 1988, Hayward & Ryland, 1995b,
Reproduction/Life History
Reproductive typeGonochoristic
Developmental mechanismPlanktotrophic
Reproductive SeasonFebruary to March Reproductive LocationWater column
Reproductive frequencyAnnual protracted Regeneration potential No
Life span11-20 years Age at reproductive maturity3-5 years
Generation timeNot researched FecundityInsufficient information
Egg/propagule sizeNot researched Fertilization typeExternal
Larval/Juvenile dispersal potentialNot researched Larval settlement periodNot researched
Duration of larval stage11-30 days   
Reproduction Preferences Additional Information
Reproduction References Gemill, 1921, Shick, 1991, Vader, 1970, Fautin, 2002, Chia, 1976, Hayward & Ryland, 1995b,
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