BIOTIC Species Information for Pleuronectes platessa
Researched byMorvan Barnes Data supplied byMarLIN
Refereed byThis information is not refereed
Scientific namePleuronectes platessa Common namePlaice
MCS CodeZG578 Recent Synonyms

PhylumChordata SubphylumVertebrata
SuperclassGnathostomata ClassOsteichthyes
SubclassTeleostei OrderPleuronectiformes
Suborder FamilyPleuronectidae
GenusPleuronectes Speciesplatessa

Additional Information
Taxonomy References Dipper, 2001, Howson & Picton, 1997, Hayward & Ryland, 1995b, Whitehead et al., 1986,
General Biology
Growth formPisciform
Feeding methodPredator
Environmental positionDemersal
Typical food typesThin-shelled molluscs and polychaetes. HabitFree living
BioturbatorNot relevant FlexibilityHigh (>45 degrees)
FragilityIntermediate SizeLarge(>50cm)
HeightNot researched Growth Rate2-3 cm / year
Adult dispersal potential>10km DependencyIndependent
General Biology Additional Information
Biology References Hayward & Ryland, 1995b, Whitehead et al., 1986, Wheeler, 1969, Fonds et al., 1992,
Distribution and Habitat
Distribution in Britain & IrelandFound off all British and Irish coasts although perhaps under recorded off western Irish coasts.
Global distributionFound in north-west Europe from Latvia to Iceland and south to western France.
Biogeographic rangeCold temperate to temperate. Depth rangeFrom 5 m to 200 m depth.
MigratorySeasonal (reproduction)   
Distribution Additional Information

Substratum preferencesBedrock
Physiographic preferencesOpen coast
Offshore seabed
Biological zoneSublittoral Fringe
Upper Infralittoral
Lower Infralittoral
Upper Circalittoral
Lower Circalittoral
Circalittoral Offshore
Bathybenthic (Bathyal)
Wave exposure
Tidal stream strength/Water flow SalinityVariable (18-40 psu)
Habitat Preferences Additional Information
Distribution References Dipper, 2001, Hayward & Ryland, 1995b, Whitehead et al., 1986, Wheeler, 1969, Greer Walker et al., 1978,
Reproduction/Life History
Reproductive typeGonochoristic
Developmental mechanismOviparous
Reproductive SeasonJanuary to February Reproductive LocationWater column
Reproductive frequencyAnnual episodic Regeneration potential No
Life span21-100 years Age at reproductive maturity3-5 years
Generation timeNot researched Fecundity60,000 to 100,000
Egg/propagule size1.7-2.2 mm Fertilization typeExternal
Larval/Juvenile dispersal potential>10km Larval settlement periodNot relevant
Duration of larval stageNot relevant   
Reproduction Preferences Additional Information
Reproduction References Gibson & Batty, 1990, Rijnsdorp, 1989, Van der Veer, 1986,
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