BIOTIC Species Information for Arctica islandica
Researched byLizzie Tyler Data supplied byUniversity of Sheffield
Refereed byThis information is not refereed.
Distribution and Habitat
Distribution in Britain & IrelandThe Icelandic cyprine is found around all British and Irish coasts and offshore.
Global distributionRecorded from Iceland, the Faeroe Islands, Onega Bay in the White Sea to the Bay of Biscay and from Labrador to North Carolina.
Biogeographic rangeNot researched Depth range4 - 256 m
MigratoryInsufficient info.   
Distribution Additional InformationArctica islandica is distributed within the North Sea north of 53° 30`N and along the southern and eastern borders of its range is limited to depths below 30 m (Witbaard & Bergman, 2003). Similarly, the optimal temperature for Arctica islandica was estimated to be 6-16°C, while the inshore limit of their distribution in the eastern USA was reported to be the 16°C bottom isotherm (Cargnelli et al., 1999a). Nicol (1951; cited in Holmes et al., 2003) stated that Arctica islandica occurs at depths ranging from 4-482 m, although it is commonly found between 10-280 m.

Substratum preferencesFine clean sand
Coarse clean sand
Sandy mud
Muddy sand
Physiographic preferencesOffshore seabed
Biological zoneSublittoral Fringe
Upper Infralittoral
Lower Infralittoral
Upper Circalittoral
Lower Circalittoral
Wave exposureExtremely Exposed
Very Exposed
Moderately Exposed
Tidal stream strength/Water flowInsufficient information
SalinityVariable (18-40 psu)
Full (30-40 psu)
Habitat Preferences Additional Information
Distribution References Hayward et al., 1996, Hayward & Ryland, 1995b, Tebble, 1976, Fish & Fish, 1996, NBN, 2002, JNCC, 1999, Picton & Costello, 1998, Rees & Dare, 1993, Cargnelli et al., 1999a, Witbaard & Bergman, 2003, Holmes et al., 2003, Merrill et al., 1969, Hayward & Ryland, 1990, Julie Bremner, unpub data, Rees & Dare, 1993,
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