BIOTIC Species Information for Caryophyllia smithii
|Researched by||Paul Gregory||Data supplied by||MarLIN|
|Refereed by||This information is not refereed.|
|Feeding method||Passive suspension feeder
|Typical food types||Zooplankton, organic particulates||Habit||Attached|
|Bioturbator||Not relevant||Flexibility||None (< 10 degrees)|
|Height||Up to 1.5 cm||Growth Rate||Insufficient information|
|Adult dispersal potential||None||Dependency||Independent|
|General Biology Additional Information||Manuel (1988) states that the Devonshire cup coral has two forms; a shallow water form (Caryophyllia smithii var. smithii) that can be found in waters up to 100 m deep and a deep water form (Caryophyllia smithii var. clavus) that is found in water >50-1000 m deep. The shape of the corallum is distinctly different between the two forms, the deep water form being smaller with a narrow base, but the two forms are otherwise similar in general structure (Manuel, 1988).
Caryophyllia inornata is very similar and co-occurs in some locations. Young specimens of Caryophyllia smithii are usually six-rayed and may be virtually indistinguishable from Caryophyllia inornata (Manuel, 1983).Growth rate up to 4 mm in first year (Bell, 2002), then up to 2 mm in subsequent years (Hiscock & Howlett, 1976).
|Biology References||Manuel, 1983, Bell, 2002, Hiscock & Howlett, 1976, Bell, 2002, Gibson et al., 2001, Manuel, 1983, Fish & Fish, 1996, Bell & Turner, 2000,|