BIOTIC Species Information for Labrus mixtus
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Researched byMorvan Barnes Data supplied byMarLIN
Refereed byThis information is not refereed
Taxonomy
Scientific nameLabrus mixtus Common nameCuckoo wrasse
MCS CodeZG400 Recent Synonyms

PhylumChordata SubphylumVertebrata
SuperclassGnathostomata ClassOsteichthyes
SubclassTeleostei OrderPerciformes
Suborder FamilyLabridae
GenusLabrus Speciesmixtus
Subspecies   

Additional Information
Taxonomy References Muus & Dahlstrom, 1974, Hayward et al., 1996, Dipper, 2001, Howson & Picton, 1997, Hayward & Ryland, 1995b, Whitehead et al., 1986,
General Biology
Growth formPisciform
Feeding methodPredator
Scavenger
Mobility/MovementSwimmer
Environmental positionDemersal
Typical food typesBenthic crustaceans, molluscs fish and polychaetes. HabitFree living
BioturbatorNot relevant FlexibilityLow (10-45 degrees)
FragilityIntermediate SizeMedium-large(21-50cm)
HeightNot researched Growth Rate5-7 cm / year (K=0.13)
Adult dispersal potential>10km DependencyIndependent
SociabilitySolitary
Toxic/Poisonous?No
General Biology Additional Information
Biology References Hayward & Ryland, 1995b, Whitehead et al., 1986, Wheeler, 1969, Darwall et al., 2006,
Distribution and Habitat
Distribution in Britain & IrelandFound off most British and Irish coasts although noticably absent from the southern North Sea.
Global distributionFound in north-west Europe around the British Isles and Ireland and also northern Denmark.
Biogeographic rangeTemperate. Depth rangeFrom 5 m to 200 m depth.
MigratoryNon-migratory / Resident   
Distribution Additional Information

Substratum preferencesBedrock
Algae
Cobbles
Pebbles
Physiographic preferencesOpen coast
Offshore seabed
Biological zoneSublittoral Fringe
Upper Infralittoral
Lower Infralittoral
Upper Circalittoral
Lower Circalittoral
Circalittoral Offshore
Bathybenthic (Bathyal)
Wave exposure
Tidal stream strength/Water flow SalinityFull (30-40 psu)
Habitat Preferences Additional Information
Distribution References Muus & Dahlstrom, 1974, JNCC, 1999, NBN, 2002, Picton & Costello, 1998, Dipper, 2001, Hayward & Ryland, 1995b, Whitehead et al., 1986, Wheeler, 1969,
Reproduction/Life History
Reproductive typeGonochoristic
Developmental mechanismOviparous
Reproductive SeasonMarch to June Reproductive LocationWater column
Reproductive frequencyAnnual episodic Regeneration potential No
Life span11-20 years Age at reproductive maturity3-5 years
Generation timeNot researched Fecundityabout 1,000
Egg/propagule sizeInsufficient information Fertilization typeExternal
Larvae/Juveniles
Larval/Juvenile dispersal potentialInsufficient information Larval settlement periodNot relevant
Duration of larval stageNot relevant   
Reproduction Preferences Additional Information
Reproduction References Munk & Nielsen, 2005, Darwall et al., 2006, Fives, 1976,
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