BIOTIC Species Information for Spio martinensis
Click here to view the MarLIN Key Information Review for Spio martinensis
Researched byDan Bayley Data supplied byMBA
Refereed byThis information is not refereed.
Taxonomy
Scientific nameSpio martinensis Common nameA bristleworm
MCS CodeP791 Recent Synonyms

PhylumAnnelida Subphylum
Superclass ClassPolychaeta
Subclasscanalipalpata OrderSpionida
Suborder FamilySpionidae
GenusSpio Speciesmartinensis
Subspecies   

Additional Information
Taxonomy References Howson & Picton, 1997, Hayward & Ryland, 1995b,
General Biology
Growth formVermiform segmented
Feeding methodSurface deposit feeder
Detritivore
Mobility/MovementBurrower
Environmental positionInfaunal
Typical food typesDetritus HabitTubiculous
Bioturbator Flexibility
FragilityFragile SizeSmall-medium(3-10cm)
Height Growth Rate
Adult dispersal potential DependencyIndependent
SociabilitySolitary
Toxic/Poisonous?No
General Biology Additional Information
Biology References Hayward & Ryland, 1990, , Giangrande, 1997,
Distribution and Habitat
Distribution in Britain & Ireland
Global distributionAtlantic
Biogeographic rangeTemperate Depth range
MigratoryNon-migratory / Resident   
Distribution Additional Information

Substratum preferencesCoarse clean sand
Fine clean sand
Sandy mud
Physiographic preferences
Biological zoneUpper Infralittoral
Lower Infralittoral
Wave exposure
Tidal stream strength/Water flow Salinity
Habitat Preferences Additional Information
Distribution References Hayward & Ryland, 1995b, Giangrande, 1997,
Reproduction/Life History
Reproductive typeGonochoristic
Developmental mechanismPlanktotrophic
Reproductive SeasonApril - June, July - September. Reproductive LocationAdult burrow
Reproductive frequencyMonotelic Regeneration potential No
Life span1 year Age at reproductive maturity<1 year
Generation time<1 year Fecundityup to 4400 (over 2 spawning periods)
Egg/propagule size 130-150 µm diameter Fertilization typeExternal
Larvae/Juveniles
Larval/Juvenile dispersal potential Larval settlement period
Duration of larval stage   
Reproduction Preferences Additional InformationAfter intratubular brooding, the larvae emerge and become planktotrophic, remaining pelagic from 0-3 setiger, and benthic from 3-30 setiger range development.
Reproduction References Giangrande, 1997, Gudmundsson, 1985,
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