MarLIN

information on the biology of species and the ecology of habitats found around the coasts and seas of the British Isles

Crustose sponges and colonial ascidians with Dendrodoa grossularia or barnacles on wave-surged infralittoral rock

03-04-2018

Summary

UK and Ireland classification

UK and Ireland classification

Description

Vertical and overhanging, exposed to moderately exposed bedrock gullies, tunnels and cave entrances subject to wave surge, and dominated by the crustose sponges Halichondria paniceaMyxilla incrustansClathrina coriacea,Leucosolenia botryoides, Esperiopsis fucorum and Grantia compressa. There may also be dense aggregations of the anthozoan Sagartia elegans, dwarf Metridium senileAlcyonium digitatum, and Urticina felina, and a dense covering of the barnacle Balanus crenatus on the bare rock face. Dense aggregations of the robust hydroid Tubularia indivisa may be recorded, growing through the sponge crust. Colonial ascidians such as Polyclinum aurantiumBotryllus schlosseri,Botrylloides leachiAplidium nordmanni and the solitary ascidian Dendrodoa grossularia may all be recorded. The echinoderms Asterias rubensEchinus esculentusHenricia sp., the crab Cancer pagurus and the calcareous tubewormSpirobranchus triqueter may also be present on the rock face, along with encrusting coralline algae.

Depth range

-

Additional information

-

Listed By

Further information sources

Search on:

Sensitivity reviewHow is sensitivity assessed?

Explanation

-

Species indicative of sensitivity

-

Physical Pressures

No sensitivity data available

Chemical Pressures

No sensitivity data available

Biological Pressures

No sensitivity data available

Additional information

-

Bibliography

  1. Ackers, R.G., 1983. Some local and national distributions of sponges. Porcupine Newsletter, 2 (7).

  2. Ackers, R.G.A., Moss, D. & Picton, B.E. 1992. Sponges of the British Isles (Sponges: V): a colour guide and working document. Ross-on-Wye: Marine Conservation Society.

  3. Aneiros, F., Rubal, M., Troncoso, J.S. & Bañón, R., 2015. Subtidal benthic megafauna in a productive and highly urbanised semi-enclosed bay (Ría de Vigo, NW Iberian Peninsula). Continental Shelf Research, 110, 16-24.

  4. Barthel, D., 1986. On the ecophysiology of the sponge Halichondria panicea in Kiel Bight. I. Substrate specificity, growth and reproduction. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 32, 291-298.

  5. Bauvais, C., Zirah, S., Piette, L., Chaspoul, F., Domart-Coulon, I., Chapon, V., Gallice, P., Rebuffat, S., Pérez, T. & Bourguet-Kondracki, M.-L., 2015. Sponging up metals: bacteria associated with the marine sponge Spongia officinalis. Marine Environmental Research, 104, 20-30.

  6. Bell, J.J. & Barnes, D.K., 2000. The distribution and prevalence of sponges in relation to environmental gradients within a temperate sea lough: inclined cliff surfaces. Diversity and Distributions, 6 (6), 305-323.

  7. Bell, J.J. & Smith, D., 2004. Ecology of sponge assemblages (Porifera) in the Wakatobi region, south-east Sulawesi, Indonesia: richness and abundance. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the UK, 84 (3), 581-591.

  8. Berman, J., Burton, M., Gibbs, R., Lock, K., Newman, P., Jones, J. & Bell, J., 2013. Testing the suitability of a morphological monitoring approach for identifying temporal variability in a temperate sponge assemblage. Journal for Nature Conservation, 21 (3), 173-182.

  9. Boulcott, P. & Howell, T.R.W., 2011. The impact of scallop dredging on rocky-reef substrata. Fisheries Research (Amsterdam), 110 (3), 415-420.

  10. Braber, L. & Borghouts, C.H., 1977. Distribution and ecology of Anthozoa in the estuarine region of the rivers Rhine, Meuse and Scheldt. Hydrobiologia, 52, 15-21.

  11. Bricker, S.B., Clement, C.G., Pirhalla, D.E., Orlando, S.P. & Farrow, D.R., 1999. National estuarine eutrophication assessment: effects of nutrient enrichment in the nation's estuaries. NOAA, National Ocean Service, Special Projects Office and the National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science, Silver Spring, MD, 71 pp.

  12. Bricker, S.B., Longstaff, B., Dennison, W., Jones, A., Boicourt, K., Wicks, C. & Woerner, J., 2008. Effects of nutrient enrichment in the nation's estuaries: a decade of change. Harmful Algae, 8 (1), 21-32.

  13. Bucklin, A., 1985. Biochemical genetic variation, growth and regeneration of the sea anemone, Metridium, of British shores. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 65, 141-157.

  14. Bucklin, A., 1987. Growth and asexual reproduction of the sea anemone Metridium: comparative laboratory studies of three species. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 110, 41-52.

  15. Carver, C., Mallet, A. & Vercaemer, B., 2006. Biological synopsis of the solitary tunicate Ciona intestinalis. Canadian Manuscript Report of Fisheries and Aquatic Science, No. 2746, v + 55 p. Bedford Institute of Oceanography, Dartmouth, Nova Scotia.

  16. Castric-Fey, A. & Chassé, C., 1991. Factorial analysis in the ecology of rocky subtidal areas near Brest (west Brittany, France). Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 71, 515-536.

  17. Collie, J.S., Hermsen, J.M., Valentine, P.C. & Almeida, F.P., 2005. Effects of fishing on gravel habitats: assessment and recovery of benthic megafauna on Georges Bank.  American Fisheries Society Symposium, American Fisheries Society, 41, pp. 325.

  18. Connor, D.W., Allen, J.H., Golding, N., Howell, K.L., Lieberknecht, L.M., Northen, K.O. & Reker, J.B., 2004. The Marine Habitat Classification for Britain and Ireland. Version 04.05. Joint Nature Conservation Committee, Peterborough. www.jncc.gov.uk/MarineHabitatClassification.

  19. Crisp, D.J. (ed.), 1964. The effects of the severe winter of 1962-63 on marine life in Britain. Journal of Animal Ecology, 33, 165-210.

  20. Davis, D.S., 1967. The marine fauna of the Blackwater Estuary and adjacent waters. Essex Naturalist, 32, 1-60.

  21. Fell, P.E. & Lewandrowski, K.B., 1981. Population dynamics of the estuarine sponge, Halichondria sp., within a New England eelgrass community. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 55 (1), 49-63.

  22. Fish, J.D. & Fish, S., 1996. A student's guide to the seashore. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

  23. Fowler, S. & Laffoley, D., 1993. Stability in Mediterranean-Atlantic sessile epifaunal communities at the northern limits of their range. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 172 (1), 109-127.

  24. Francis, L., 1976. Social organization within clones of the sea anemone Anthopleura elegantissima. The Biological Bulletin, 150 (3), pp.361-376.

  25. Fu, W., Wu, Y., Sun, L. & Zhang, W., 2007. Efficient bioremediation of total organic carbon (TOC) in integrated aquaculture system by marine sponge Hymeniacidon perleve. Biotechnology and bioengineering, 97 (6),1387-1397.

  26. Gaino, E., Frine, C. & Giuseppe, C., 2010. Reproduction of the Intertidal Sponge Hymeniacidon perlevis(Montagu) Along a Bathymetric Gradient. Open Marine Biology Journal, 4, 47-56.

  27. Gaino, E., Pronzato, R., Corriero, G. & Buffa, P., 1992. Mortality of commercial sponges: incidence in two Mediterranean areas. Italian Journal of Zoology, 59 (1), 79-85.

  28. Galstoff, P., 1942. Wasting disease causing mortality of sponges in the West Indies and Gulf of Mexico.  Proceedings 8th American Scientific Congress, pp. 411-421.

  29. Gerrodette, T. & Flechsig, A., 1979. Sediment-induced reduction in the pumping rate of the tropical sponge Verongia lacunosa. Marine Biology, 55 (2), 103-110.

  30. Gittenberger, A. & Van Loon, W.M.G.M., 2011. Common Marine Macrozoobenthos Species in the Netherlands, their Characterisitics and Sensitivities to Environmental Pressures. GiMaRIS report no 2011.08.

  31. Gochfeld, D., Easson, C., Freeman, C., Thacker, R. & Olson, J., 2012. Disease and nutrient enrichment as potential stressors on the Caribbean sponge Aplysina cauliformis and its bacterial symbionts. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 456, 101-111.

  32. Griffith, K., Mowat, S., Holt, R.H., Ramsay, K., Bishop, J.D., Lambert, G. & Jenkins, S.R., 2009. First records in Great Britain of the invasive colonial ascidian Didemnum vexillum Kott, 2002. Aquatic Invasions, 4 (4), 581-590.

  33. Hayward, P.J. & Ryland, J.S. 1994. The marine fauna of the British Isles and north-west Europe. Volume 1. Introduction and Protozoans to Arthropods. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

  34. Hayward, P.J. & Ryland, J.S. (ed.) 1995b. Handbook of the marine fauna of North-West Europe. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

  35. Hiscock, K., Sharrock, S., Highfield, J. & Snelling, D., 2010. Colonization of an artificial reef in south-west England—ex-HMS ‘Scylla’. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 90 (1), 69-94.

  36. Hoare, R. & Hiscock, K., 1974. An ecological survey of the rocky coast adjacent to the effluent of a bromine extraction plant. Estuarine and Coastal Marine Science, 2 (4), 329-348.

  37. Holme, N.A. & Wilson, J.B., 1985. Faunas associated with longitudinal furrows and sand ribbons in a tide-swept area in the English Channel. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 65, 1051-1072.

  38. Holt, T.J., Jones, D.R., Hawkins, S.J. & Hartnoll, R.G., 1995. The sensitivity of marine communities to man induced change - a scoping report. Countryside Council for Wales, Bangor, Contract Science Report, no. 65.

  39. Ignatiades, L. & Becacos-Kontos, T., 1970. Ecology of fouling organisms in a polluted area. Nature 225, 293 - 294

  40. Johnston, E.L. & Roberts, D.A., 2009. Contaminants reduce the richness and evenness of marine communities: a review and meta-analysis. Environmental Pollution, 157 (6), 1745-1752.

  41. Jones, J., Bunker, F., Newman, P., Burton, M., Lock, K., 2012. Sponge Diversity of Skomer Marine Nature Reserve. CCW Regional Report,  CCW/WW/12/3.

  42. Kaliszewicz, A., Panteleeva, N., Olejniczak, I., Boniecki, P. and Sawicki, M., 2012. Internal brooding affects the spatial structure of intertidal sea anemones in the Arctic-boreal region. Polar biology, 35 (12), pp.1911-1919.

  43. Knight-Jones, P., Knight-Jones, E.W. & Kawahara, T., 1975. A review of the genus Janua, including Dexiospira (Polychaeta: Spirorbinae). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 56 (2), 91-129.

  44. Lancaster, J. (ed), McCallum, S., A.C., L., Taylor, E., A., C. & Pomfret, J., 2014. Development of Detailed Ecological Guidance to Support the Application of the Scottish MPA Selection Guidelines in Scotland’s seas. Scottish Natural Heritage Commissioned Report No.491 (29245), Scottish Natural Heritage, Inverness, 40 pp.

  45. Lemoine, N., Buell, N., Hill, A. & Hill, M., 2007. Assessing the utility of sponge microbial symbiont communities as models to study global climate change: a case study with Halichondria bowerbanki. Porifera research: biodiversity, innovation, and sustainability. Série livros, 28, 239-246.

  46. Lengyel, N.L., Collie, J.S. & Valentine, P.C., 2009. The invasive colonial ascidian Didemnum vexillum on Georges Bank - Ecological effects and genetic identification. Aquatic Invasions, 4(1), 143-152.

  47. Leukart, P. & Lüning, K., 1994. Minimum spectral light requirements and maximum light levels for long-term germling growth of several red algae from different water depths and a green alga. European Journal of Phycology, 29 (2), 103-112.

  48. Marin, A., Lopez, M., Esteban, M., Meseguer, J., Munoz, J. & Fontana, A., 1998. Anatomical and ultrastructural studies of chemical defence in the sponge Dysidea fragilis. Marine Biology, 131 (4), 639-645.

  49. Marques, D., Almeida, M., Xavier, J. & Humanes, M., 2007. Biomarkers in marine sponges: acetylcholinesterase in the sponge Cliona celata. Porifera Research: Biodiversity, Innovation and Sustainability. Série Livros, 28, 427-432.

  50. Mercier, A., Pelletier, E. & Hamel, J.-F. 1998. Response of temperate sea anemones to butyltin contamination. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 55, 239-245.

  51. Millar, R.H., 1954. The annual growth and reproductive cycle of the ascidian Dendrodoa grossularia (van Beneden). Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 33, 33-48.

  52. Mills, D.B., Ward, L.M., Jones, C., Sweeten, B., Forth, M., Treusch, A.H. & Canfield, D.E., 2014. Oxygen requirements of the earliest animals. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 111 (11), 4168-4172.

  53. Mita, K., Kawai, N., Rueckert, S. & Sasakura, Y., 2012. Large-scale infection of the ascidian Ciona intestinalis by the gregarine Lankesteria ascidiae in an inland culture system. Diseases of aquatic organisms, 101 (3), 185-195.

  54. Naranjo, S.A., Carballo, J.L., & Garcia-Gomez, J.C., 1996. Effects of environmental stress on ascidian populations in Algeciras Bay (southern Spain). Possible marine bioindicators? Marine Ecology Progress Series, 144 (1), 119-131.

  55. Naylor. P., 2011. Great British Marine Animals, 3rd Edition. Plymouth. Sound Diving Publications.

  56. NBN, 2015. National Biodiversity Network 2015(20/05/2015). https://data.nbn.org.uk/

  57. Picton, B.E. & Morrow, C.C., 2015b. Amphilectus fucorum (Esper, 1794). [In] Encyclopedia of Marine Life of Britain and Ireland. [accessed 24/06/16] http://www.habitas.org.uk/marinelife/species.asp?item=C5960

  58. Preston J. & Burton, M., 2015. Marine microbial assemblages associated with diseased Porifera in Skomer Marine Nature Reserve (SMNR), Wales. Aquatic Biodiversity and Ecosystems, 30th August – 4th September,  Liverpool.,  pp. p110.

  59. Raffaelli, D. & Hawkins, S., 1999. Intertidal Ecology 2nd edn.. London: Kluwer Academic Publishers.

  60. Rees, H.L., Waldock, R., Matthiessen, P. & Pendle, M.A., 2001. Improvements in the epifauna of the Crouch estuary (United Kingdom) following a decline in TBT concentrations. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 42, 137-144.

  61. Rose, C.S. & Risk, M.J., 1985. Increase in Cliona delitrix infestation of Montastrea cavernosa heads on an organically polluted portion of the Grand Cayman fringing reef. Marine Ecology, 6 (4), 345-363.

  62. Różycki, O. & Gruszxyński, M., 1991. On the infauna of an Arctic estuary Nottinghambukta, Svalbard. Polish Polar Research, 12 (3), 433-444.

  63. Ryland, J.S. & De Putron, S., 1998. An appraisal of the effects of the Sea Empress oil spillage on sensitive invertebrate communities. Countryside Council for Wales Sea Empress Contract Report, no. 285, 97pp.

  64. Schönberg, C.H.L., 2015. Happy relationships between marine sponges and sediments–a review and some observations from Australia. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 1-22.

  65. Sebens, K.P., 1985. Community ecology of vertical rock walls in the Gulf of Maine: small-scale processes and alternative community states. In The Ecology of Rocky Coasts: essays presented to J.R. Lewis, D.Sc. (ed. P.G. Moore & R. Seed), pp. 346-371. London: Hodder & Stoughton Ltd.

  66. Sebens, K.P., 1986. Spatial relationships among encrusting marine organisms in the New England subtidal zone. Ecological Monographs, 56, 73-96.

  67. Shumway, S., 1978. Respiration, pumping activity and heart rate in Ciona intestinalis exposed to fluctuating salinities. Marine Biology, 48 (3), 235-242.

  68. Smith, J.E. (ed.), 1968. 'Torrey Canyon'. Pollution and marine life. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

  69. Solé-Cava, A.M., Thorpe, J.P. & Todd, C.D., 1994. High genetic similarity between geographically distant populations in a sea anemone with low dispersal capabilities. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 74, 895-902.

  70. Sparks, A., 1972. Invertebrate Pathology Noncommunicable diseases: Elsevier.

  71. Thomassen, S. & Riisgård, H.U., 1995. Growth and energetics of the sponge Halichondria panicea. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 128, 239-246.

  72. Thorp, C., Jones-Knight, P. & Jones-Knight, E., 1986. New records of tubeworms established in British harbours. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 66 (04), 881-888.

  73. UKTAG, 2014. UK Technical Advisory Group on the Water Framework Directive [online]. Available from: http://www.wfduk.org

  74. Vacelet, J., 1994. Control of the severe sponge epidemic—Near East and Europe: Algeria, Cyprus, Egypt, Lebanon, Malta, Morocco, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey. Yugoslavia. Technical Report–the struggle against the epidemic which is decimating Mediterranean sponges FI: TCP/RAB/8853. Rome, Italy. 1–39 p,  pp.

  75. Van Soest, R.W.M., Picton, B. & Morrow, C., 2000. Sponges of the North East Atlantic. [CD-ROM] Windows version 1.0. Amsterdam: Biodiversity Center of ETI, Multimedia Interactive Software. [World Biodiversity Database CD-ROM Series.]

  76. Vethaak, A.D., Cronie, R.J.A. & van Soest, R.W.M., 1982. Ecology and distribution of two sympatric, closely related sponge species, Halichondria panicea (Pallas, 1766) and H. bowerbanki Burton, 1930 (Porifera, Demospongiae), with remarks on their speciation. Bijdragen tot de Dierkunde, 52, 82-102.

  77. Wahl, M., 1984. The fluffy sea anemone Metridium senile in periodically oxygen depleted surroundings. Marine Biology, 81, 81-86.

  78. Wahl, M., 1985. The recolonization potential of Metridium senile in an area previously depopulated by oxygen deficiency. Oecologia, 67, 255-259.

  79. Webster, N.S., 2007. Sponge disease: a global threat? Environmental Microbiology, 9 (6), 1363-1375.

  80. Webster, N.S. & Taylor, M.W., 2012. Marine sponges and their microbial symbionts: love and other relationships. Environmental Microbiology, 14 (2), 335-346.

  81. Wulff, J., 2006. Resistance vs recovery: morphological strategies of coral reef sponges. Functional Ecology, 20 (4), 699-708.

  82. Zahn, R., Zahn, G., Müller, W., Kurelec, B., Rijavec, M., Batel, R. & Given, R., 1981. Assessing consequences of marine pollution by hydrocarbons using sponges as model organisms. Science of The Total Environment, 20 (2), 147-169.

Citation

This review can be cited as:

Readman, J.A.J., 2016. Crustose sponges and colonial ascidians with [Dendrodoa grossularia] or barnacles on wave-surged infralittoral rock. In Tyler-Walters H. and Hiscock K. (eds) Marine Life Information Network: Biology and Sensitivity Key Information Reviews, [on-line]. Plymouth: Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom. [cited 19-06-2018]. Available from: http://www.marlin.ac.uk/habitat/detail/1140

Last Updated: 07/07/2016