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information on the biology of species and the ecology of habitats found around the coasts and seas of the British Isles

Ephemeral green and red seaweeds on variable salinity and/or disturbed eulittoral mixed substrata

03-04-2018

Summary

UK and Ireland classification

UK and Ireland classification

Description

Eulittoral mixed substrata (pebbles and cobbles overlying sand or mud) that are subject to variations in salinity and/or siltation, characterized by dense blankets of ephemeral green and red seaweeds. The main species present are Ulva intestinalis, Ulva lactuca and Porphyra spp., along with colonial diatoms covering the surface of the substratum. Small numbers of other species such as barnacles Semibalanus balanoides and Elminius modestus are confined to any larger cobbles and pebbles or on the shells of larger individuals of the mussel Mytilus edulis. The crab Carcinus maenas and the winkle Littorina littorea can be present among the boulders, cobbles and seaweeds, while gammarids can be found in patches underneath the cobbles. In common with the other biotopes found on mixed substrata, patches of sediment are typically characterized by infaunal species including bivalves, for example, Cerastoderma edule and the polychaete Arenicola marina and the polychaete Lanice conchilega (JNCC, 2015).

Depth range

Mid shore

Additional information

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Sensitivity reviewHow is sensitivity assessed?

Explanation

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Species indicative of sensitivity

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Physical Pressures

No sensitivity data available

Chemical Pressures

No sensitivity data available

Biological Pressures

No sensitivity data available

Additional information

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Bibliography

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Citation

This review can be cited as:

Tillin, H.M. & Budd, G., 2016. Ephemeral green and red seaweeds on variable salinity and/or disturbed eulittoral mixed substrata. In Tyler-Walters H. and Hiscock K. (eds) Marine Life Information Network: Biology and Sensitivity Key Information Reviews, [on-line]. Plymouth: Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom. [cited 19-06-2018]. Available from: http://www.marlin.ac.uk/habitat/detail/241

Last Updated: 30/03/2016