MarLIN

information on the biology of species and the ecology of habitats found around the coasts and seas of the British Isles

Netted dog whelk (Tritia reticulata)

Distribution data supplied by the Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS). To interrogate UK data visit the NBN Atlas.

Summary

Description

A small creamy-brown whelk (up to 3 cm in height) it has a pointed, straight sided spire. The criss-crossing of longitudinal and spiral ridges gives the whelk its characteristic netted (reticulate) pattern. It has an oval aperture with an outer lip that is thickened and toothed in mature animals. The inner lip extends over the body-whorl and the siphonal canal is deep and at an oblique angle.

Recorded distribution in Britain and Ireland

Recorded from most coasts of Britain and Ireland.

Global distribution

Found in the North East Atlantic, Tritia reticulata has been recorded from the Moroccan coast, extending through the Mediterranean as far east as Greece and into the Black Sea. Populations are scattered around European coastlines including France and northern Spain, to northernmost records in the Baltic Sea (just east of Stockholm). 

Habitat

Common on the lower rocky shore, from the low water of spring tides (LWST) extending to sublittoral depths of up to 15 m. As a burrower, it can be found on both rocky and sandy shores in a mixture of rock, mud and sand, or within pockets of soft material on rocky shores under runnels of water at low tide. Tritia reticulata is also tolerant of salinities as low as 16 ppt and can be found in estuaries. 

Depth range

LWST to 15 m

Identifying features

  • Up to 3 cm in height.
  • Pointed, straight sided spire.
  • Shell with netted (reticulated) pattern.
  • Aperture small and oval with a short siphonal canal.
  • Outer lip of aperture bears internal teeth.
  • Creamy brown in colour.

    Additional information

    Tritia reticulata feeds on dead and decaying animal matter.

    Listed by

    - none -

    Further information sources

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    Bibliography

    1. Fish, J.D. & Fish, S., 1996. A student's guide to the seashore. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

    2. Hayward, P., Nelson-Smith, T. & Shields, C. 1996. Collins pocket guide. Sea shore of Britain and northern Europe. London: HarperCollins.

    3. Hayward, P.J. & Ryland, J.S. (ed.) 1995b. Handbook of the marine fauna of North-West Europe. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

    4. National Biodiversity Network (NBN) Atlas website. Available from: http://www.nbnatlas.org.  Accessed 01 April 2017

    5. Picton, B.E. & Costello, M.J., 1998. BioMar biotope viewer: a guide to marine habitats, fauna and flora of Britain and Ireland. [CD-ROM] Environmental Sciences Unit, Trinity College, Dublin., http://www.itsligo.ie/biomar/

    Citation

    This review can be cited as:

    Pizzolla, P.F 2005. Tritia reticulata Netted dog whelk. In Tyler-Walters H. and Hiscock K. (eds) Marine Life Information Network: Biology and Sensitivity Key Information Reviews, [on-line]. Plymouth: Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom. Available from: http://www.marlin.ac.uk/species/detail/1485

    Last Updated: 10/05/2005