MarLIN

information on the biology of species and the ecology of habitats found around the coasts and seas of the British Isles

A tube anemone (Cerianthus lloydii)

Distribution data supplied by the Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS). To interrogate UK data visit the NBN Atlas.

Summary

Description

Cerianthus lloydii is a brownish, tube-dwelling anemone up to 15 cm long. The mouth and tentacles project above the surface of the sand from the soft tube, which can be up to 40 cm long and is permanently buried. There are about 70 long tapering tentacles that may be brown, green or white and are often banded with darker brown. These tentacles cannot be fully retracted and surround many smaller inner tentacles that obscure the mouth. However, the animal can retract into its tube if disturbed.

Recorded distribution in Britain and Ireland

Recorded all around the coast of Britain, except on the east coast between the Tees estuary and The Wash. It may be locally abundant in some places.

Global distribution

Found around all western coasts of Europe from Greenland and Spitzbergen, south to Brittany.

Habitat

Adults live permanently in tubes that are buried in sand, mud or gravel, from LWST to about 100 m depth.

Depth range

-

Identifying features

  • A tube-dwelling anemone with a brownish body up to 15 cm long.
  • The mouth and tentacles project above the sand from the deeply buried tube.
  • Many short inner tentacles obscure the mouth. Disc surrounded by about 70 long tapering tentacles, which may be brown, green or white and are often banded with darker brown.

Additional information

-none-

Listed by

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Further information sources

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Bibliography

  1. Bruce, J.R., Colman, J.S. & Jones, N.S., 1963. Marine fauna of the Isle of Man. Liverpool: Liverpool University Press.

  2. Hauton, C., Hall-Spencer, J.M. & Moore, P.G., 2003. An experimental study of the ecological impacts of hydraulic bivalve dredging on maerl. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 60, 381-392.

  3. Hayward, P., Nelson-Smith, T. & Shields, C. 1996. Collins pocket guide. Sea shore of Britain and northern Europe. London: HarperCollins.

  4. Hayward, P.J. & Ryland, J.S. (ed.) 1995b. Handbook of the marine fauna of North-West Europe. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

  5. Howson, C.M. & Picton, B.E., 1997. The species directory of the marine fauna and flora of the British Isles and surrounding seas. Belfast: Ulster Museum. [Ulster Museum publication, no. 276.]

  6. JNCC (Joint Nature Conservation Committee), 1999. Marine Environment Resource Mapping And Information Database (MERMAID): Marine Nature Conservation Review Survey Database. [on-line] http://www.jncc.gov.uk/mermaid

  7. Manuel, R.L., 1988. British Anthozoa. London: Academic Press.[Synopses of the British Fauna, no. 18.]

  8. Picton, B.E. & Costello, M.J., 1998. BioMar biotope viewer: a guide to marine habitats, fauna and flora of Britain and Ireland. [CD-ROM] Environmental Sciences Unit, Trinity College, Dublin., http://www.itsligo.ie/biomar/

Citation

This review can be cited as:

Avant, P. 2008. Cerianthus lloydii A tube anemone. In Tyler-Walters H. and Hiscock K. (eds) Marine Life Information Network: Biology and Sensitivity Key Information Reviews, [on-line]. Plymouth: Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom. Available from: http://www.marlin.ac.uk/species/detail/1683

Last Updated: 24/04/2008