|Researched by||Sonia Rowley||Refereed by||Admin|
|Authority||(G. Cuvier, 1812)|
|Other common names||-||Synonyms||-|
This species is subject to by-catch, and is included in the UK Biodiversity Action Plan list of species of conservation concern (Biodiversity Steering Group, 1995). All species of cetaceans are given protection under the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981 and the Wildlife (Northern Ireland) Order 1985. All cetacean species are listed on Annex A of EU Council Regulation 338/97 and therefore treated by the EU as if they are on CITES Appendix I therefore prohibiting their commercial trade. Risso's dolphin is also listed on Annex IV of the EC Habitats Directive, which prohibits all killing, capture, disturbance, sale, exchange or keeping of the animials. The directive requires that all accidental killing and capture be monitored by all member states. Also this species is listed under Appendix II of the Bonn Convention (North and Baltic Sea populations), and Appendix II of the Bern Convention. The Bonn Convention is the parent Convention to the 'Agreement on the Conservation of Small Cetaceans in the Baltic and the North Seas' (ASCOBANS) formulated in 1992. The UK is one of seven European countries which have signed the agreement which includes the protection of specific areas, monitoring, research, information exchange, pollution control and heightened public awareness. Measures included are specifically aimed at protecting dolphins and porpoises in the North Baltic Seas (Anon, 1999e).
Anonymous, 1999e. Small dolphins. Grouped Species Action Plan. http://www.ukbap.org.uk/UKPlans.aspx?ID=337, 2002-01-25
Bruce, J.R., Colman, J.S. & Jones, N.S., 1963. Marine fauna of the Isle of Man. Liverpool: Liverpool University Press.
Carwardine, M., 2000. Whales Dolphins and Porpoises. Dorling Kindersley Limited.
Crothers, J.H. (ed.), 1966. Dale Fort Marine Fauna. London: Field Studies Council.
Evans, P.G.H. & Raga, J. A. (ed.), 2001. Marine mammals: biology and conservation New York: Kluwer Academic / Plenum Publishers
Howson, C.M. & Picton, B.E., 1997. The species directory of the marine fauna and flora of the British Isles and surrounding seas. Belfast: Ulster Museum. [Ulster Museum publication, no. 276.]
JNCC (Joint Nature Conservation Committee), 1999. Marine Environment Resource Mapping And Information Database (MERMAID): Marine Nature Conservation Review Survey Database. [on-line] http://www.jncc.gov.uk/mermaid
Kinze, C. C., 2002. Photographic Guide to the Marine Mammals of the North Atlantic. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Martin, A.R., 1990. The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Whales and Dolphins. Portland House.
National Biodiversity Network (NBN) Atlas website. Available from: http://www.nbnatlas.org. Accessed 01 April 2017
Nowak, R.M., 2003. Walker's Marine Mammals of the World. Baltimore: John Hopkins University Press.
Reid. J.B., Evans. P.G.H., Northridge. S.P. (ed.), 2003. Atlas of Cetacean Distribution in North-west European Waters. Peterborough: Joint Nature Conservation Committee.
Wood, E. (ed.), 1988. Sea Life of Britain and Ireland. Marine Conservation Society. IMMEL Publishing, London
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Last Updated: 01/07/2005