|General Information||Taxonomy and identification||General biology||Habitat preferences and distribution||Reproduction and longevity||Sensitivity||Importance|
Image Keith Hiscock - The solitary sea squirt Ciona intestinalis. Image width ca XX cm.
Image copyright information
Ciona intestinalis is not listed under any importance categories.
|Researched by:||Angus Jackson||Refereed by:||Dr John Bishop|
|Phylum||Chordata||Sea squirts, fish, reptiles, birds and mammals|
|Recorded distribution in Britain and Ireland||Widely distributed round British and Irish coasts.|
|Habitat information||Found from the lower shore down to at least 500 m. Often common in man-made environments such as harbours and marinas. Grows on bedrock and boulders but also artificial surfaces such as metal and concrete. Other species such as algae are also used as substrata. Ciona intestinalis prefers habitats with low wave exposure and some water flow.|
|Description||Ciona intestinalis is a large solitary sea squirt which grows up to 15 cm in length. The body is soft, retractile and a pale translucent greenish/yellow, through which the internal organs are visible. Sometimes there are orange bars on the body. There are two openings or siphons which may have yellow margins with orange/red pigment spots.|
This review can be cited as follows:
Angus Jackson 2008. Ciona intestinalis. A sea squirt. Marine Life Information Network: Biology and Sensitivity Key Information Sub-programme [on-line]. Plymouth: Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom. [cited 25/05/2013]. Available from: <http://www.marlin.ac.uk/speciesfullreview.php?speciesID=2991>