European spiny lobster - Palinurus elephas - General information
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| Researched by:
||Angus Jackson, Charlotte Marshall and Cat Wilding
|| Refereed by:
||This information is not refereed.
||Arthropods, joint-legged animals, e.g. insects, crustaceans & spiders
||Crabs, lobsters, sand hoppers and sea slaters
| Recorded distribution in Britain and Ireland
||The main populations are confined to the west coast of Scotland, the extreme south-west coasts of England & Wales and the west coast of Ireland. See 'additional information' in Habitat section.
| Habitat information
||Lives subtidally on rocky, exposed coasts in the circalittoral zone.
||A large spiny lobster, growing up to 60 cm in total length, with a stout, heavily armoured body. The colour is usually orange dorsally with darker spines and white underneath but brown, sandy and purple morphs are occasionally found (Hunter et al., 1996; Hunter, 1999). It has numerous sharp spines on the carapace, over much of the abdomen and on the larger appendages. There are two long antennae and small hook-like claws.
This review can be cited as follows:
Angus Jackson, Charlotte Marshall and Cat Wilding 2009.
European spiny lobster.
Marine Life Information Network: Biology and Sensitivity Key Information Sub-programme [on-line].
Plymouth: Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom.
Available from: <http://www.marlin.ac.uk/speciesfullreview.php?speciesID=4022>