|General Information||Taxonomy and identification||General biology||Habitat preferences and distribution||Reproduction and longevity||Sensitivity||Importance|
Image Paul Naylor - A tube worm Serpula vermicularis. Image width ca XX cm.
Image copyright information
Serpula vermicularis is not listed under any importance categories.
|Researched by:||Jacqueline Hill||Refereed by:||Dr Elvira Poloczanska|
|Phylum||Annelida||Segmented worms e.g. ragworms, tubeworms & fanworms|
|Class||Polychaeta||Bristleworms, e.g. ragworms, scaleworms, paddleworms, fanworms and tubeworms|
|Recorded distribution in Britain and Ireland||Distributed mainly around the north-west coast of Scotland. Also present on the north-east coast of England and the north-west coast of Ireland with scattered records around much of the coast of Britain and Ireland.|
|Habitat information||The calcareous tubes of Serpula vermicularis can be found attached to hard substrata such as rocks, stones, bivalve shells and ship hull's from low water to the sublittoral in depths up to 250 m. In some very sheltered areas the tubes aggregate together to form small reefs.|
|Description||Serpula vermicularis is a slender, tube-dwelling polychaete between 5 and 7 cm in length with about 200 segments. The tubes are cylindrical with occasional rings and irregular lengthwise ridges cut into blunt teeth. The operculum is calcareous and funnel shaped with radial grooves and a serrated circumference. The colour of the body of the worm varies from pale yellow to brick red. The tube is pinkish-white and the operculum is patterned with red and white rays.|
This review can be cited as follows:
Jacqueline Hill 2006. Serpula vermicularis. A tubeworm. Marine Life Information Network: Biology and Sensitivity Key Information Sub-programme [on-line]. Plymouth: Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom. [cited 25/05/2013]. Available from: <http://www.marlin.ac.uk/speciesfullreview.php?speciesID=4340>