Northern right whale (Eubalaena glacialis)
|Researched by||Morvan Barnes||Refereed by||Admin|
|Other common names||-||Synonyms||Balaena glacialis (Desmoulins, 1822)|
Recorded distribution in Britain and IrelandRecorded off the west coasts of the Outer Hebrides and off the south-west coast of the Isle of Man.
HabitatThe northern right whale is an open ocean whale, not often seen near the coast in north-west Europe. It can be found at the surface or diving down to a few hundred metres.
- Up to 17 m in length.
- Uniform blue-black over entire body except a white genital region.
- No creases on chin or throat.
- No dorsal fin or hump.
- Arched upper jaw and mouthline.
- Distinct callosities on its head.
Additional informationNorthern right whales are usually found alone or in pairs, although in feeding areas up to a dozen have been seen together. It occasionally breeches, and when diving, it will often show the tail flukes. Slapping of the flippers and tail flukes has been observed. Dives may last up to 40 minutes long (Kinze, 2002).
Bruyns, W.F.J.M., 1971. Field guide of whales and dolphins. Amsterdam: Publishing Company Tors.
Howson, C.M. & Picton, B.E., 1997. The species directory of the marine fauna and flora of the British Isles and surrounding seas. Belfast: Ulster Museum. [Ulster Museum publication, no. 276.]
Jefferson, T.A., Leatherwood, S. & Webber, M.A., 1994. FAO species identification guide. Marine mammals of the world. Rome: United Nations Environment Programme, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Kinze, C. C., 2002. Photographic Guide to the Marine Mammals of the North Atlantic. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Reid. J.B., Evans. P.G.H., Northridge. S.P. (ed.), 2003. Atlas of Cetacean Distribution in North-west European Waters. Peterborough: Joint Nature Conservation Committee.
This review can be cited as:
Last Updated: 02/06/2008