Connemara clingfish (Lepadogaster candolii)

Distribution data supplied by the Ocean Biodiversity Information System (OBIS). To interrogate UK data visit the NBN Atlas.Map Help



The connemara clingfish Lepadogaster candollei is a small species reaching up to 7.5 cm in length. The front half of the body is depressed and tapers towards the front. The snout is produced and rounded when viewed from above. The dorsal and anal fins are prolonged and flattened and are not connected to the caudal fin. The caudal fin and pectoral fins are rounded in shape. The pelvic fins are modified into a specialised sucking disc. Flattened papillae are present in 3-5 rows across the disc region. Males are generally reddish above with bright red spots on the head. Females are yellowish-green.

Recorded distribution in Britain and Ireland

Found off western Scotland and south-west England and Ireland.

Global distribution



The Connemara clingfish is a coastal benthic species although little is known about its habitat preferences.

Depth range


Identifying features

  • Up to 7.
  • 5 cm.
  • Depressed head with a large rounded snout.
  • Dorsal and anal fins are prolonged but detached.
  • Flattened papillae are present on the sucking disc.

Additional information

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Listed by

- none -


  1. Froese, R. & Pauly, D., 2007. Fishbase. A global information system on fishes. [On-line], 2008-02-18

  2. Howson, C.M. & Picton, B.E., 1997. The species directory of the marine fauna and flora of the British Isles and surrounding seas. Belfast: Ulster Museum. [Ulster Museum publication, no. 276.]

  3. Whitehead, P.J.P., Bauchot, M.-L., Hureau, J.-C., Nielson, J. & Tortonese, E. 1986. Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. Vol. I, II & III. Paris: United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO).

  4. WoRMS 2007. The World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS)., 2008-10-31


  1. Centre for Environmental Data and Recording, 2018. Ulster Museum Marine Surveys of Northern Ireland Coastal Waters. Occurrence dataset accessed via on 2018-09-25.

  2. Fenwick, 2018. Aphotomarine. Occurrence dataset Accessed via on 2018-10-01

  3. NBN (National Biodiversity Network) Atlas. Available from:

  4. OBIS (Ocean Biodiversity Information System),  2024. Global map of species distribution using gridded data. Available from: Ocean Biogeographic Information System. Accessed: 2024-05-18


This review can be cited as:

Barnes, M.K.S. 2008. Lepadogaster candolii Connemara clingfish. In Tyler-Walters H. and Hiscock K. Marine Life Information Network: Biology and Sensitivity Key Information Reviews, [on-line]. Plymouth: Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom. [cited 18-05-2024]. Available from:

Last Updated: 12/05/2008