|Researched by||Joelene Hughes||Refereed by||Admin|
|Other common names||-||Synonyms||Crassostrea angulata (Lamarck, 1819), Crassostrea gigas (Thunberg, 1793)|
Introduced initially in Cornwall, Essex and Wales for mariculture. It has been farmed on around 300 sites throughout England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. 'Escapees' have established populations in various regions.
Present throughout Europe from Norway to Spain and Portugal on the Atlantic Coast. Present in the USA and south west Canada. It occurs naturally in Japan and south eastern Asia.
Found on the lower shore and shallow sublittoral to a depth of around 80 m.
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Edwards, E., 1997. Molluscan fisheries in Britain. In The History, Present Condition, and Future of the Molluscan Fisheries of North and Central American and Europe, vol. 3, Europe, (ed. C.L. MacKenzie, Jr., V.G. Burrell, Jr., Rosenfield, A. & W.L. Hobart). National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, NOAA Technical Report NMFS 129.
Eno, N.C., Clark, R.A. & Sanderson, W.G. (ed.) 1997. Non-native marine species in British waters: a review and directory. Peterborough: Joint Nature Conservation Committee.
Hayward, P., Nelson-Smith, T. & Shields, C. 1996. Collins pocket guide. Sea shore of Britain and northern Europe. London: HarperCollins.
Hayward, P.J. & Ryland, J.S. (ed.) 1995b. Handbook of the marine fauna of North-West Europe. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Howson, C.M. & Picton, B.E., 1997. The species directory of the marine fauna and flora of the British Isles and surrounding seas. Belfast: Ulster Museum. [Ulster Museum publication, no. 276.]
Pauley, G.B., B. van der Raay, and D Troutt 1988. Species profiles: life histories and environmental requirements of coastal fishes and invertebrates. (Pacific Northwest) - - Pacific oyster. [online] http://www.nwrc.gov/publications/specintro.htm, 2002-01-30
Seaward, D.R., 1982. Sea area atlas of the marine molluscs of Britain and Ireland. Peterborough: Nature Conservancy Council.
Seaward, D.R., 1990. Distribution of marine molluscs of north west Europe. Peterborough: Nature Conservancy Council.
Tebble, N., 1976. British Bivalve Seashells. A Handbook for Identification, 2nd ed. Edinburgh: British Museum (Natural History), Her Majesty's Stationary Office.
This review can be cited as:
Last Updated: 08/05/2008