Red speckled anemone (Anthopleura ballii)
|Researched by||Olwen Ager||Refereed by||Admin|
|Other common names||-||Synonyms||-|
Recorded distribution in Britain and IrelandAnthopleura ballii is found on the south and west coasts of Britain the west coasts of Ireland.
Global distributionAnthopleura ballii is found from south-west Europe to the Mediterranean.
HabitatAnthopleura ballii is found in holes or crevices, often in piddock borings. It is found under boulders and can be buried in sand or mud attached to stones or shells. It is found in mid-shore pools and from the lower shore and subtidally to 25 m.
Depth rangeup to 25 m
- Large anemone up to 10 cm tall.
- Large space between mouth and tentacles.
- Up to 96 tentacles
- Trumpet shaped column.
- 48 longitudinal rows of warts on column, each tipped with a red spot.
- Warts never covered in gravel or debris.
Additional informationThe warts on the column of the similar species Anthopleura thallia are invariably covered with gravel or debris (Manuel, 1988)
- none -
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Gosse, P.H., 1860. Actinologia Britannica: a history of British sea anemones and corals. London: Van Voorst.
Hayward, P.J. & Ryland, J.S. (ed.) 1995b. Handbook of the marine fauna of North-West Europe. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Howson, C.M. & Picton, B.E., 1997. The species directory of the marine fauna and flora of the British Isles and surrounding seas. Belfast: Ulster Museum. [Ulster Museum publication, no. 276.]
JNCC (Joint Nature Conservation Committee), 1999. Marine Environment Resource Mapping And Information Database (MERMAID): Marine Nature Conservation Review Survey Database. [on-line] http://www.jncc.gov.uk/mermaid
Manuel, R.L., 1988. British Anthozoa. Synopses of the British Fauna (New Series) (ed. D.M. Kermack & R.S.K. Barnes). The Linnean Society of London [Synopses of the British Fauna No. 18.]. DOI https://doi.org/10.1002/iroh.19810660505
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Stephenson, T.A., 1935. The British Sea Anemones, vol. 2. London: Ray Society.
Fenwick, 2018. Aphotomarine. Occurrence dataset http://www.aphotomarine.com/index.html Accessed via NBNAtlas.org on 2018-10-01
Isle of Wight Local Records Centre, 2017. IOW Natural History & Archaeological Society Marine Invertebrate Records 1853- 2011. Occurrence dataset: https://doi.org/10.15468/d9amhg accessed via GBIF.org on 2018-09-27.
NBN (National Biodiversity Network) Atlas. Available from: https://www.nbnatlas.org.
OBIS (Ocean Biodiversity Information System), 2023. Global map of species distribution using gridded data. Available from: Ocean Biogeographic Information System. www.iobis.org. Accessed: 2023-09-30
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Last Updated: 24/04/2008