Smooth Artemis (Dosinia lupinus)
|Researched by||Penny Avant||Refereed by||Admin|
|Other common names||-||Synonyms||-|
Recorded distribution in Britain and IrelandWidely distributed around British coasts, except in the south east, and found around Irish coasts.
Global distributionFound from Iceland south to the Mediterranean, the Canary Isles and west Africa.
HabitatDosinia lupinus occurs on shores of varying wave exposure where it burrows deeply into soft sediments that include fine or coarse sand, sand and mud mixtures or shell gravel. It is found on the lower shore and sublittorally to a depth of about 120 m.
- Solid, almost circular bivalve up to 4 cm in diameter.
- Fine concentric ridges.
- Off-white, fawn or brown in colour.
- Inner surface white and glossy.
- Inner margins of shell smooth.
- 3 small teeth on the inner surface of each shell just below the hinge.
- The line joining the two adductor muscle scars has a marked U-shaped indentation.
Additional informationDosinia lupinus is very similar to the rayed Artemis, Dosinia exoleta. They can be distinguished by the fine detail of the shell around the hinge area (Hayward et al., 1996).
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Bruce, J.R., Colman, J.S. & Jones, N.S., 1963. Marine fauna of the Isle of Man. Liverpool: Liverpool University Press.
Hayward, P., Nelson-Smith, T. & Shields, C. 1996. Collins pocket guide. Sea shore of Britain and northern Europe. London: HarperCollins.
Hayward, P.J. & Ryland, J.S. (ed.) 1995b. Handbook of the marine fauna of North-West Europe. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Howson, C.M. & Picton, B.E., 1997. The species directory of the marine fauna and flora of the British Isles and surrounding seas. Belfast: Ulster Museum. [Ulster Museum publication, no. 276.]
Tebble, N., 1976. British Bivalve Seashells. A Handbook for Identification, 2nd ed. Edinburgh: British Museum (Natural History), Her Majesty's Stationary Office.
Centre for Environmental Data and Recording, 2018. Ulster Museum Marine Surveys of Northern Ireland Coastal Waters. Occurrence dataset https://www.nmni.com/CEDaR/CEDaR-Centre-for-Environmental-Data-and-Recording.aspx accessed via NBNAtlas.org on 2018-09-25.
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National Trust, 2017. National Trust Species Records. Occurrence dataset: https://doi.org/10.15468/opc6g1 accessed via GBIF.org on 2018-10-01.
NBN (National Biodiversity Network) Atlas. Available from: https://www.nbnatlas.org.
Norfolk Biodiversity Information Service, 2017. NBIS Records to December 2016. Occurrence dataset: https://doi.org/10.15468/jca5lo accessed via GBIF.org on 2018-10-01.
OBIS (Ocean Biodiversity Information System), 2023. Global map of species distribution using gridded data. Available from: Ocean Biogeographic Information System. www.iobis.org. Accessed: 2023-09-22
Outer Hebrides Biological Recording, 2018. Invertebrates (except insects), Outer Hebrides. Occurrence dataset: https://doi.org/10.15468/hpavud accessed via GBIF.org on 2018-10-01.
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Last Updated: 02/11/2006