Mauve stinger (Pelagia noctiluca)
|Researched by||Jessica Heard||Refereed by||Admin|
|Other common names||-||Synonyms||-|
Recorded distribution in Britain and IrelandPelagia noctiluca is an uncommon jellyfish around the British Isles but may be found anywhere over deep water off the west and north coasts (Russell, 1970).
HabitatPelagia noctiluca is an oceanic species widely distributed in warm and temperate waters.
- Mushroom shaped bell.
- Exumbrella and tentacles are covered in pink or mauve nematocysts.
- 16 marginal lobes
- 8 marginal sense organs
- 8 hair-like marginal tentacles.
Additional informationPelagia noctiluca feed mainly on pelagic ascidians and other small jellyfish (Hayward et al., 1996).
Although the sting of Pelagia noctiluca is potent and painful, it is limited in time and extent (Williamson et al., 1996).
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Howson, C.M. & Picton, B.E., 1997. The species directory of the marine fauna and flora of the British Isles and surrounding seas. Belfast: Ulster Museum. [Ulster Museum publication, no. 276.]
Williamson, J.A., Fenner, P.J., Burnett, J.W. & Rifkin, J.F., 1996. Venomous and poisonous marine animals: a medical and biological handbook. Sydney: University of New South Wales Press.
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OBIS (Ocean Biodiversity Information System), 2023. Global map of species distribution using gridded data. Available from: Ocean Biogeographic Information System. www.iobis.org. Accessed: 2023-12-09
Outer Hebrides Biological Recording, 2018. Invertebrates (except insects), Outer Hebrides. Occurrence dataset: https://doi.org/10.15468/hpavud accessed via GBIF.org on 2018-10-01.
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Last Updated: 24/04/2008