MarLIN

information on the biology of species and the ecology of habitats found around the coasts and seas of the British Isles

A sea slug (Geitodoris planata)

Distribution data supplied by the Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS). To interrogate UK data visit the NBN Atlas.

Summary

Description

Adult specimens of Geitodoris planata may reach a length of 6.5 cm. The body is mottled with orange, brown or purple.. The warty mantle in Geitodoris planata is predominantly brown or dull purplish. Up to 12 star-shaped pale areas on the dorsal mantle form loose pairs which are aggregations of acid gland openings. Geitodoris planata secretes defensive fluids through these glands. The back of this sea slug is also covered with numerous small tubercles. The head bears a pair of grooved, oval tentacles. The underside of Geitodoris planata has brown spots present on the mantle and the oral tentacles are conspicuous.

Recorded distribution in Britain and Ireland

Recorded mainly on south west coasts of Britain. Uncommon on west coasts.

Global distribution

Recorded from Norway to the french Biscay coast, always in shallow water.

Habitat

A shallow sub-littoral species on rocky coasts that feeds on sponges e.g. Hemimycale columella.

Depth range

-

Identifying features

  • Mantle usually brown or purple brown.
  • Numerous star-shaped pale areas form loosely paired series on dorsal mantle.
  • Dorsum covered by spiculose tubercles.
  • Head bears conspicuous grooved, finger-like oral tentacles.

Additional information

This species was recently redescribed by Cervera et al (1985) and is now accepted as belonging to the genus Geitodoris. This uncommon species bears a superficial resemblance to the common Archidoris pseudoargus. However, Geitodoris planata is smaller, less variegated and less colourful than Archidoris pseudoargus. The oral tentacles seen in Geitodoris planata are absent in Archidoris pseudoargus. The spawn of Geitodoris planata is a broad ribbon, laid in a spiral with the upper edge neatly rippled or convoluted (Picton & Morrow, 1994).

Listed by

- none -

Further information sources

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Bibliography

  1. Cervera, J.L., Garcia, J.C. and Garcia, F.J., 1985. Redescription of Geitodoris planata (Alder & Hancock, 1846) (Gastropoda: Nudibranchia) Journal of Mollecular Studies, 51, 198-204

  2. Hayward, P., Nelson-Smith, T. & Shields, C. 1996. Collins pocket guide. Sea shore of Britain and northern Europe. London: HarperCollins.

  3. Howson, C.M. & Picton, B.E., 1997. The species directory of the marine fauna and flora of the British Isles and surrounding seas. Belfast: Ulster Museum. [Ulster Museum publication, no. 276.]

  4. JNCC (Joint Nature Conservation Committee), 1999. Marine Environment Resource Mapping And Information Database (MERMAID): Marine Nature Conservation Review Survey Database. [on-line] http://www.jncc.gov.uk/mermaid

  5. MarLIN (Marine Life Information Network), 2005. SEArchable BEnthic Data (SEABED) Map [on-line]. Data Access Sub-programme, Marine Life Information Network for Britian and Ireland http://www.marlin.ac.uk,

  6. Picton, B. E. & Morrow, C.C., 1994. A Field Guide to the Nudibranchs of the British Isles. London: Immel Publishing Ltd.

  7. Rudman, W.B., 2000. Geitodoris planata [on-line]. http://seaslugforum.net/factsheet.cfm?base=geitplan,

  8. Thompson, T. E. & Brown, G. H., 1976. British Opisthobranch Molluscs. London: Academic Press. [Synopses of the British Fauna, no. 8.]

  9. Thompson, T.E. & Brown, G.H., 1984. Biology of Opisthobranch Molluscs, vol. II. London: Ray Society.

Datasets

  1. Centre for Environmental Data and Recording, 2018. Ulster Museum Marine Surveys of Northern Ireland Coastal Waters. Occurrence dataset https://www.nmni.com/CEDaR/CEDaR-Centre-for-Environmental-Data-and-Recording.aspx accessed via NBNAtlas.org on 2018-09-25.

  2. Conchological Society of Great Britain & Ireland, 2018. Mollusc (marine) data for Great Britain and Ireland - restricted access. Occurrence dataset: https://doi.org/10.15468/4bsawx accessed via GBIF.org on 2018-09-25.

  3. Conchological Society of Great Britain & Ireland, 2018. Mollusc (marine) data for Great Britain and Ireland. Occurrence dataset: https://doi.org/10.15468/aurwcz accessed via GBIF.org on 2018-09-25.

  4. Fenwick, 2018. Aphotomarine. Occurrence dataset http://www.aphotomarine.com/index.html Accessed via NBNAtlas.org on 2018-10-01

  5. Manx Biological Recording Partnership, 2018. Isle of Man historical wildlife records 1990 to 1994. Occurrence dataset:https://doi.org/10.15468/aru16v accessed via GBIF.org on 2018-10-01.

  6. National Biodiversity Network (NBN) Atlas website. Available from: https://www.nbnatlas.org.

  7. OBIS,  2018. Global map of species distribution using gridded data. Available from: Ocean Biogeographic Information System. www.iobis.org. Accessed: 2018-10-21

Citation

This review can be cited as:

Oakley, J.A. 2007. Geitodoris planata A sea slug. In Tyler-Walters H. and Hiscock K. (eds) Marine Life Information Network: Biology and Sensitivity Key Information Reviews, [on-line]. Plymouth: Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom. [cited 21-10-2018]. Available from: https://www.marlin.ac.uk/species/detail/2147

Last Updated: 22/01/2007