A bristleworm (Ophelia borealis)
|Researched by||Saskiya Richards||Refereed by||Admin|
|Other common names||-||Synonyms||-|
Recorded distribution in Britain and IrelandOphelia borealis is widespread around the British Isles but less common on the Irish coasts.
HabitatOphelia borealis inhabits clean sand in the subtidal and intertidal zones up to high water.
- Stout, body with approximately 30 segments.
- Body is widest at tenth segment and up to 2.3 cm in length.
- Deep pinkish, red colour with a lilac or blue iridescent tint.
- Segments marked with 5-7 superficial rings.
- Chaetae slender, unjointed, and shorter on the neuropodia than the notopodia.
- Abdominal region distinguished by a deep ventral groove commencing at the seventh segment, two lateral grooves and chaetae-like gills.
- Numerous papillae cover the pygidium.
Additional informationThis species is similar to Ophelia limacina.
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Bruce, J.R., Colman, J.S. & Jones, N.S., 1963. Marine fauna of the Isle of Man. Liverpool: Liverpool University Press.
Costello, M.J., Bouchet, P., Boxshall, G., Emblow, C. & Vanden Berghe, E., 2004. European Register of Marine Species [On-line]. http://www.marbef.org/data/erms.php,
Foster-Smith, J. (ed.), 2000. The marine fauna and flora of the Cullercoats District. Marine species records for the North East Coast of England. Sunderland: Penshaw Press, for the Dove Marine Laboratory, University of Newcastle upon Tyne.
Hayward, P.J. & Ryland, J.S. (ed.) 1995b. Handbook of the marine fauna of North-West Europe. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Howson, C.M. & Picton, B.E., 1997. The species directory of the marine fauna and flora of the British Isles and surrounding seas. Belfast: Ulster Museum. [Ulster Museum publication, no. 276.]
Tebble, N. 1952. On three species of the Genus Ophelia (Polychaeta) from British & adjacent waters. The Annals and Magazine of Natural History Vol 5 Series 12, 553-560.
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Last Updated: 12/09/2007