An erect bryozoan (Bugula neritina)
|Researched by||Jaret Bilewitch||Refereed by||Admin|
|Other common names||-||Synonyms||-|
Recorded distribution in Britain and IrelandScattered marinas and harbours of Brighton (E. Sussex), the Solent (Hampshire), Poole and Weymouth (Dorset), Torquay and Plymouth (Devon) and Falmouth (Cornwall). Also found in Milford Haven and off the coast of Pembrokeshire in Wales.
Global distributionFound in New Zealand and along Atlantic and Gulf coasts of Florida, U.S.A. Sparse and disparate records exist from Belgian coast, Greece (Ionian & Adriatic Seas), Californian coast of U.S.A., Hawaii, Bay of Bengal and Australia.
HabitatFouls artificial substrata such as ship hulls, docks, wharf pilings and immersed ropes.
- Upright, foliose colonies reaching 8 cm height.
- Rhizoid attachment to substratum.
- Branches unilamellar and dividing dichotomously.
- Zooids large, 7.5 µm x 2.5 µm, lacking operculum.
- Zooids in alternating, biserial rows.
- Avicularia and spines absent.
- Colonies purplish-brown with pale brown embryos (when present).
There are at least three cryptic species contained within Bugula neritina (Linnaeus, 1758). A shallow water species, a deep water species and a North Atlantic species exist within the U.S.A. but only the shallow water species is known to invade other sites worldwide (Mackie et al., 2006).
- none -
Centre for Environmental Data and Recording, 2018. Ulster Museum Marine Surveys of Northern Ireland Coastal Waters. Occurrence dataset https://www.nmni.com/CEDaR/CEDaR-Centre-for-Environmental-Data-and-Recording.aspx accessed via NBNAtlas.org on 2018-09-25.
Fenwick, 2018. Aphotomarine. Occurrence dataset http://www.aphotomarine.com/index.html Accessed via NBNAtlas.org on 2018-10-01
Kent Wildlife Trust, 2018. Kent Wildlife Trust Shoresearch Intertidal Survey 2004 onwards. Occurrence dataset: https://www.kentwildlifetrust.org.uk/ accessed via NBNAtlas.org on 2018-10-01.
NBN (National Biodiversity Network) Atlas. Available from: https://www.nbnatlas.org.
OBIS (Ocean Biodiversity Information System), 2023. Global map of species distribution using gridded data. Available from: Ocean Biogeographic Information System. www.iobis.org. Accessed: 2023-12-11
West Wales Biodiversity Information Centre, 2018. INNS Data: All Taxa (West Wales). Occurrence dataset: https://doi.org/10.15468/ydifzd accessed via GBIF.org on 2018-10-02.
This review can be cited as:
Last Updated: 28/07/2009