MarLIN

information on the biology of species and the ecology of habitats found around the coasts and seas of the British Isles

A squat lobster (Galathea intermedia)

Distribution data supplied by the Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS). To interrogate UK data visit the NBN Atlas.

Summary

Description

Galathea intermedia is the smallest of the eight squat lobster species in the UK with a maximum total length of up to 2 cm and a carapace length up to 8.5 mm. It is normally a uniform salmon-pink in colour but it can be yellowish or reddish brown, sometimes with 'neon' blue spots near the head. The basal joint of the first antenna bears two large spines instead of the usual three. The rostrum at the front of the carapace is narrow with four spines on either side. The front walking legs are as long and the body (carapace) and bear claws of similar size.

 

Recorded distribution in Britain and Ireland

Recorded from all coasts of the British Isles.

Global distribution

Recorded from northern Norway and the North Sea, into the Kattegat and south to the Bay of Biscay, and the Atlantic coats of Spain, Portugal (and possibly Morocco), south to South Africa. Records in the Mediterranean may belong to separate sub-species (Ingle & Christiansen, 2004).

Habitat

Galathea intermedia is commonly found in the subtidal but recorded from the intertidal to 100 metres on a variety of substrata, e.g. consolidated muds, sands, gravel, maerl, stones and amongst macroalgae.

Depth range

Lower shore to 100 m

Identifying features

  • Carapace ca 8.5 mm in length and usually salmon-red.
  • Rostrum very narrow, with paired lateral teeth protruding slightly from the edge.
  • Transverse post-rostral groove arched forward centrally.
  • Basal joint of antenna one bears two large spines instead of the usual three.
  • Small size, maximum total length up to 2 cm.
  • Conspicuous anterior colouration pattern consisting of six `neon' blue spots in the frontal region of the head.

Additional information

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Listed by

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Further information sources

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Bibliography

  1. Gibson, R., Hextall, B. & Rogers, A., 2001. Photographic guide to the sea and seashore life of Britain and north-west Europe. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

  2. Ingle, R., 1997. Crayfishes, lobsters and crabs of Europe. An illustrated guide to common and traded species. London: Chapman and Hall.

  3. Ingle, R.W. & Christiansen, M.E., 2004. Lobsters, Mud Shrimps and Anomuran Crabs: Keys and Notes for the Identification of the Species.   Shrewsbury: Fields Studies Council for the Linnean Society of London and the Estuarine and Coastal Sciences Association. [Synopses of the British Fauna (New Series) No. 55].

Citation

This review can be cited as:

Tyler-Walters, H. 2010. Galathea intermedia A squat lobster. In Tyler-Walters H. and Hiscock K. (eds) Marine Life Information Network: Biology and Sensitivity Key Information Reviews, [on-line]. Plymouth: Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom. [cited 26-09-2018]. Available from: https://www.marlin.ac.uk/species/detail/2239

Last Updated: 01/12/2010