Seven-rayed scallop (Pseudamussium peslutrae)
|Researched by||Kelsey Lloyd||Refereed by||This information is not refereed|
|Other common names||-||Synonyms||Chlamys (Pseudamussium) septemradiatum (Müller), Pseudamussium septemradiatum (O. F. Müller, 1776)|
A bivalve with a brittle, scallop-shaped shell up to 5 cm in length. Both valves are similar in size and shape but are slightly asymmetrical. The animal lives with its left valve facing upwards. The left (upper) valve is brick-red or purplish brown, with white or cream spots and blotches. The right valve is dirty white or pale brick-red near the umbones (depending on size) and down the ribs, and is slightly more convex than the left valve. Each valve has 3-10 (most commonly 5-8) evenly spaced, broad, rounded ribs that increase rapidly in width from the umbone to the margin.
Recorded distribution in Britain and Ireland
Recorded sparsely around the British Isles but most common off the west coast of Scotland and north of the North Sea.
Pseudamussium peslutrae is recorded from southern Iceland, the Faroes and northern Norway and then south to the Mediterranean and north-west Africa.
Pseudamussium peslutrae is free living, inhabiting muddy mixed sediments offshore to about 300 m in depth.
Depth rangeOffshore to up to 300 m.
- Almost circular but scallop-shaped in outline.
- Shell can be up to 5 cm but commonly up to 3.8 cm in length.
- Both valves are similar in size and shape (equivalve).
- Valves are slightly asymmetrical (inequilateral).
- Left (upper) valve is brick-red or purplish brown and mottled white.
- Right (lower) valve is white or coloured reddish near the umbones and down the ribs.
- Ears of shell with 4-6 ribs radiating from the beak and numerous folded striae running parallel to median line of shell.
Pseudamussium peslutrae is variable in shape, colour and structure (sculpture). Juveniles closely resemble Pseudamussium sulcatum but Pseudamussium sulcatum is more coarsely sculptured.
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De Kluijver, M.J., Ingalsuo, S.S. & de Bruyne, R.H., 2021. Mollusca of the North Sea. Marine Species Information Portal. Leiden, The Netherlands: ETI Bioinformatics. Available from: http://species-identification.org/species.php?species_group=mollusca&menuentry=inleiding
Dijkstra, H.H., Warén, A. & Gudmundsson, G., 2009. Pectinoidea (Mollusca: Bivalvia) from Iceland. Marine Biology Research, 5 (3), 207-243. DOI https://doi.org/10.1080/17451000802425643
Hayward, P., Nelson-Smith, T. & Shields, C. 1996. Collins pocket guide. Sea shore of Britain and northern Europe. London: HarperCollins.
Hayward, P.J. & Ryland, J.S. (ed.) 1995b. Handbook of the marine fauna of North-West Europe. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Hayward, P.J. & Ryland, J.S. (ed.) 2017. Handbook of the marine fauna of North-West Europe. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Tebble, N., 1976. British Bivalve Seashells. A Handbook for Identification, 2nd ed. Edinburgh: British Museum (Natural History), Her Majesty's Stationary Office.
Conchological Society of Great Britain & Ireland, 2018. Mollusc (marine) records for Great Britain and Ireland. Occurrence dataset: https://doi.org/10.15468/aurwcz accessed via GBIF.org on 2018-09-25.
NBN (National Biodiversity Network) Atlas. Available from: https://www.nbnatlas.org.
OBIS (Ocean Biodiversity Information System), 2023. Global map of species distribution using gridded data. Available from: Ocean Biogeographic Information System. www.iobis.org. Accessed: 2023-09-30
This review can be cited as:
Last Updated: 27/09/2021