|Researched by||Morvan Barnes||Refereed by||This information is not refereed|
|Other common names||-||Synonyms||-|
Like all stoneworts, the Baltic stonewort does not have true leaves or roots but has leaf-like branchlets in whorls around the stem and a mass of fine rhizoids that anchor the plant in sediment. Chara baltica is light bright olive green or dark to bright green in colour and has little calcium encrustation. It grows up to 90 cm in height and has small solitary acute spines scattered along the stem. The gaps between each whorl of branchlets (internodes) are 1-3 times as long as the branchlets themselves. Where present, male reproductive bodies are larger than 0.5 mm in diameter. It is anchored in mud or silt my translucent rhizoids and can give out an unpleasant odour.
Bryant, J.A & Stewart, N.F., 2002. Order Charales. In: John, D.M., Whitton, B.A. & Brook, A.J. (Eds.) The Freshwater Algal Flora of the British Isles. An identification guide to freshwater and terrestrial algae. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Lambert, S., 2007. The Environmental Range and Tolerance Limits of British Stoneworts (Charophytes). PhD, University of East Anglia, Norwich.
Lambert, S., 2009b. Stoneworts: their habitats, ecological requirement and conservation. Using science to create a better place: Integrated catchment science programme, Environment Agency, Bristol, pp. 23. Available from https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/290960/scho0309bpsd-e-e.pdf
Moore, J.A., 1986. Charophytes of Great Britian and Ireland. London: Botanical Society of the British Isles.
Stewart, N.F. & Church, J.M., 1992. Red data books of Britain and Ireland: stoneworts. Peterborough: The Joint Nature Conservation Committee
Stewart, N.F., 2004. Important Stonewort Areas. An assessment of the best areas for stoneworts in the United Kingdom. Plantlife International, Salisbury, UK.
Botanical Society of Britain & Ireland, 2018. Other BSBI Scottish data up to 2012. Occurrence dataset: https://doi.org/10.15468/2dohar accessed via GBIF.org on 2018-09-25.
National Trust, 2017. National Trust Species Records. Occurrence dataset: https://doi.org/10.15468/opc6g1 accessed via GBIF.org on 2018-10-01.
NBN (National Biodiversity Network) Atlas. Available from: https://www.nbnatlas.org.
Norfolk Biodiversity Information Service, 2017. NBIS Records to December 2016. Occurrence dataset: https://doi.org/10.15468/jca5lo accessed via GBIF.org on 2018-10-01.
OBIS (Ocean Biodiversity Information System), 2022. Global map of species distribution using gridded data. Available from: Ocean Biogeographic Information System. www.iobis.org. Accessed: 2022-11-30
Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2018. Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh Herbarium (E). Occurrence dataset: https://doi.org/10.15468/ypoair accessed via GBIF.org on 2018-10-02.
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Last Updated: 27/03/2008